November 6-12, 2022
FEAR NOT Brave Investors
Where have we been and where are we going? Join our weekly market thread on Traders Community…
The Week That Was – What Lies Ahead?
Click on the links below to navigate to the relevant section.
- Part A: Stock markets
- Part B: Bonds
- Fed and Banks
- Part C: Commodities
- Energy – Oil and Gas
- Gold and Silver
- Part D: Foreign Exchange
- Geopolitics and Economics
- Economy Week ahead
The volatility we have seen this year continued around major events. We saw the short covering rally thwarted by Fed Chair Powell in very quick time give up 120 plus S&P handles. We saw 80 handle swings on a better-than-expected US jobs report. Additionally, we had swings in global bonds after the Bank of England and Norges Bank decisions. Constant shifts were on the reporting of on and off China Covid lockdown theories. The confluence of events that helped reverse acute global de-risking and deleveraging dynamics was put back on very quickly.
The S&P500 closed right on key support after jumping 4.0% last week in a two-week 8.9%’s rally. This week we get the US Midterm elections, Fed speakers back on and the US CPI to test that support and resolve.
Powell Sent Stock Markets Back Down with His Inner Volker:
Yield curve told a story. After beginning the week with an inversion of 41 bps, the 2/10 Treasury yield spread was as much as 62 bps inverted in early-Friday trading. the biggest inversion since Volcker was in charge in 1981.
“Now you see services inflation, core services inflation moving up, and I just think that the inflation picture has become more and more challenging over the course of this year, without question. That means that we have to have policy be more restrictive, and that narrows the path to a soft landing, I would say.”
“I don’t have any sense that we’ve over-tightened or moved too fast. I think it’s been good and a successful program that we’ve gotten this far this fast. Remember though that we still think there’s a need for ongoing rate increases, and we have some ground left to cover here and cover it we will.”
“In the United States, we also have a demand issue. We’ve got an imbalance between demand and supply, which you see in many parts of the economy. So, our tools are well-suited to work on that problem, and that’s what we’re doing.”.
“We’ll want to get the policy rate to a level where it is, where the real interest rate is positive.”
“I think no one knows whether there’s going to be a recession or not, and if so, how bad that recession would be. And our job is to restore price stability so that we can have a strong labor market that benefits all over time. And that’s what we’re going to do.”
“Again, if we over tighten, and we don’t want to, we want to get this exactly right, but if we over tighten, then we have the ability with our tools, which are powerful, to, as we showed at the beginning of the pandemic episode, we can support economic activity strongly if that happens, if that’s necessary.
China Breaking Records, Not the Ones You Want
Chinese Bank CDS are imploding, the Yuan is collapsing further. The Chines property market, the largest in the world shivers at devouring speed as evidenced by China’s developer bonds.
“The crisis in Chinese property dollar bonds has become so extreme that an analyst who’s been covering the market since its inception in 2005 says meaningful analysis is no longer possible. ‘The proven investment approach is that it won’t go wrong being negative or more negative ahead of the market,’ said Zhi Wei Feng, a senior analyst at Loomis Sayles Investments…, who was working on credit research at Barclays Capital in 2005, when the first-ever Chinese real estate firm dollar bond was issued. ‘It is very frustrating when the market is no longer analyzable,’ she said. China’s offshore property notes have plummeted to record lows that reflect deep distress, as defaults mount to unprecedented levels.”November 2 – Bloomberg (Alice Huang)
Xi Jinping secured a historic third term as general secretary at China’s 20th Communist Party Congress. He has stacked the system with blind followers and dismissed prominent rivals. An apt description is China is continuing its long march toward personalistic autocracy.
China is faced with post-bubble structural adjustment within a dysfunctional credit system. The market is clear in its pricing China must change the trajectory of monetary inflation to avert financial collapse. Xi waxes lyrical in his denial relying on the CCP cult ‘Chinese modernization offers humanity a new choice for achieving modernization,’
Liquidity Draining from the World Financial System
“The latest bout of global financial volatility has heightened concerns about regulators’ continuing failure to resolve liquidity problems with US Treasuries — the debt that serves as a benchmark for the world. It’s getting harder and harder to buy and sell Treasuries in large quantities without those trades moving the market. Market depth, as the measure is known, last Thursday hit the worst level since the throes of the Covid-19 crisis in the spring of 2020, when the Federal Reserve was forced into massive intervention.”October 6 – Bloomberg (Liz Capo McCormick)
The market rupture is a tripod of destruction unfolding. Firstly, financial asset overvaluation has swung way past any sound underlying economic wealth structure. Secondly over-leverage in crowded bets. Thirdly we have greed enthused, as always in these cycles, risk engineering, transfer and management that ignores or understands bifurcation and contagion outcomes.
The pattern of trashing interest rate-sensitive technology stocks and early-stage companies with no pathway to profits continued globally these issues posted huge losses again. The only support is coming from government assisted ‘fake markets’ such as solar. We all know how transitory that can be.
Leverage has become toxic, a development that if not addressed will have deep and with far-reaching sequels. It’s not too farfetched to suggest that the markets are on the verge of a rupture that would be difficult to contain. Should the crisis of confidence dynamics that hit Britain feed into other markets a powerful global contagion could be unleashed. The markets are dislocated, and financial stability is at risk. A sobering thought is the UK is just the initial first world pension system in this cycle facing the harsh reality of a steep devaluation of assets and the prospect of widespread insolvencies and debilitating negative sentiment.
More kerosene was thrown on the fire when Goldman Sachs slashed its year-end target for the S&P 500 Index to 3600 from 4300, arguing that a dramatic shift in the outlook for interest rates moving higher from the FOMC will weigh on valuations for US equities.
The higher interest rate scenario in Goldman’s valuation model supports a price-earnings multiple of 15 times, down from 18 times previously. The update by FedEx of their earnings and announced $2.9 billion in cost savings highlighted the global risk. Goldman said the risks to its latest forecast are still skewed to the downside because of the rising odds of recession that would widen the yield gap and potentially push the US equity benchmark to a trough of 3150.
Ahead is Jobs, Central Banks and More
More central bankers:
Federal Reserve members are off their blackout period and will be appearing all week. Look for Fed presidents Collins, Mester, Barkin, Logan, and George speeches. Last week we had major central bank decisions from the Federal Reserve, the Bank of England, the RBA, Norges Bank and Bank Negara. What they communicate and how the market interprets it are becoming increasingly important as cycle rate peaks may be drawing closer.
Clearly inflation is high and volatile, but evidence of market frailties should also be treated more seriously by central banks and specifically from the standpoint of confidence in their guidance and actions. If they didn’t learn that from the taking down of a UK Chancellor, a fiscal plan, and even a Prime Minister then even we would be surprised.
Click here to see the Full Week Ahead List Below
Independence – Never Take It for Granted Traders
“In aggregate, the market goes from order to disorder, and on that journey little pockets of order can form, including in commodities, bonds, stocks, currencies that circle back and reorder disorder. Then there is us the market player that reflects through order and disorder in an ever-evolving loop towards independence. It all starts with gravity and ends with equilibrium and back we go.” KnovaWave “The rules of market flux”
The Fed has kicked off its first real tightening campaign since 1994, with securities markets already at the brink of illiquidity and dislocation. Markets could soon be screaming for assurances of the Fed’s “buyer of last resort” liquidity backstop, while the Fed is prepared to begin withdrawing liquidity by selling Treasuries and MBS.
Another important aspect is the Fed doesn’t Control corporate pricing or wage decisions. Let us be clear geopolitical, climate change developments and what an out of depth, politically motivated administration are outside the Fed’s sphere of influence. There has been over $5.1 Trillion new “money” in 126 weeks, it’s a reasonable conclusion the Fed has lost control of Inflation.
The VOLX`s underlying instrument is the Mini VIX™ Future. The CBOE Volatility Index (VIX) is an up-to-the-minute market estimate of expected volatility. The VIX is calculated using a formula to derive expected volatility by averaging the weighted prices of out-of-the-money puts and calls (options) on the S&P 500.
When the VIX is highly reactive, VIX related products can serve as potentially effective hedging tools, when the VIX is not very reactive, traditional hedging techniques may be a better choice.
Monetary inflation is running wild. In 2021 Federal Reserve Credit expanded $1.391 TN or 19% to a record $8.742 TN. The Fed’s balance sheet inflated a mindboggling $5.015 TN, or 135%, in the 120 weeks since QE was restarted in September 2019. Federal Reserve Assets have now inflated 10 times since the mortgage finance Bubble collapse.
We need to grasp all the risks to be wary off and received plenty of flak from it. We always talk here about expect the unexpected and now that is front and center, gage the market’s reaction, the market is always right and that’s why we focused on the crowd psychology aspect over the past few weeks.
“We have a market trying to interpret the Fed who is trying to find out how they can interpret their long-only portfolio at a risk parity where rates cannot rise.”– MoneyNeverSleeps
Our weekly reminder for risk. The downside is clear with the absence of moral hazard from repeated Federal Reserve market bailouts in an environment of some would say obscene liquidity pumps. Pure greed is the other part, not wanting to miss out on fees. The obvious question is, how deeply ingrained is this attitude through the markets? How do we ween the markets off this continuous dip feed? At this point the Central Banks have kicked that answer down the road.
Part A – Stock Markets
Weekly Highlights – USA
- S&P500 dropped 3.3% (down 20.9% y-t-d),
- Dow declined 1.4% (down 10.8%).
- S&P 400 Midcaps lost 1.2% (down 15.4%)
- Small cap Russell 2000 fell 2.5% (down 19.8%).
- Nasdaq100 sank 6.0% (down 33.5%).
US Markets YTD
- Dow Jones Industrial Average: -9.6% YTD
- S&P Midcap 400: -14.3% YTD
- S&P 500: -18.2% YTD
- Russell 2000: -17.7% YTD
- Nasdaq Composite: -29.0% YTD
- Utilities dipped 0.8% (down 7.8%).
- Banks slipped 0.7% (down 21.4%)
- Broker/Dealers gained 1.4% (down 3.3%).
- Transports declined 0.7% (down 18.2%).
- Semiconductors declined 1.5% (down 39.2%).
- Biotechs slipped 0.2% (down 10.7%).
- While bullion rallied $37, the wildly volatile HUI gold equities index was unchanged (down 23.1%).
Biggest SPX Stock Winners and Losers Last Week
Cboe Daily Market Statistics
Global Stock Market Highlights
Highlights – Europe Stocks
- France’s CAC40 gained 2.3% (down 10.3%).
- German DAX equities index rose 1.6% (down 15.3%).
- Spain’s IBEX 35 equities index increased 0.3% (down 8.8%).
- Italy’s FTSE MIB index rallied 3.3% (down 14.9%).
Germany’s benchmark Blue Chip DAX 30 index (Deutscher Aktienindex) expanded to 40 companies on 20 September adding 10 new members to the German stock index from the MDAX which will be reduced from 60 to 50 members.
Highlights – Asia Stocks
- Japanese 10-year “JGB” yields added a basis point to 0.26% (up 19bps y-t-d).
- South Korea’s Kospi index recovered 3.5% (down 21.1%).
- India’s Sensex equities index gained 1.7% (up 4.6%).
- China’s Shanghai Exchange Index rallied 5.3% (down 15.6%).
- Hong Kong’s Hang Seng Index jumped 5.4% in Friday trading and 8.7% for the week – the biggest weekly gain since 2015 (from Bloomberg). The Shanghai Composite rose 2.4% Friday and 5.3% for the week. The growth oriented ChiNext Index surged 3.2% and 8.9%.
Highlights – Australian Stocks
- Australia’s ASX All Ordinaries: Australia’s ASX All Ordinaries: +0.5% Friday (+1.60% for the week)
- On Friday mining and energy stocks rose Woodside Energy firmed 3.9% to $38.17 and Santos climbed 2.3% to $8.
- Whitehaven Coal added 6% to $9.97 and New Hope Corporation rose 5.9% to $6.45.
Highlights – Emerging Markets Stocks
EM equities reacted to currency valuation
- Brazil’s Bovespa index jumped 3.2% (up 12.7%)
- Mexico’s Bolsa index surged 4.3% (down 4.0%).
- Turkey’s Borsa Istanbul National 100 index surged 8.7% (up 127%).
- Russia’s MICEX equities index declined 0.5% (down 43.1%).
Daily: SPX spat the June & October lows with impulse through the tenkan and Kijun energized by the daily cloud twist. The completive wave came off extreme fear and bear that ended with relief. Recall last time we rallied through the daily Tenkan to retest May’s break. Kijun is key and we blew through it with a 1-2, the down sweep was fueled by the spit of the Kijun set the wave 3 or C up with power to close at the June lows. On the downside the Kijun and those June lows now critical and is our trading Bear/Bull pivot in a high vol scenario. Watch each measured 3 wave move on the 240 & Murrey Math highlighted in the podcast. The prices pulled through the downward cloud pulled by the twist ‘helium contusion’ on the completive.
Tracing back from highs the fuel from the top of the channel after completing 3 waves off ATH, accelerated after broke the Tenkan through to the 4600 OI where it reversed with impulse back to Tenkan Bulls this a (ii) of a 5. Bears this is 1-2 of (i) completive V of degree. We watch if this low was a (iii), (a) or C. We have to respect the number of alternatives of degree of 5. With such trends keep it simple resistance is Tenkan and Kijun and watch for ABC. From no fear to panic is the driving element.
For fractal purposes, SPX completed 5 waves up where it reversed with impulse with energy fueled from the power impulse down from +1/8 ATH spit of a spit fail. On the way down (just like up) it accelerated after it broke the Tenkan through the rejected Kijun and then through the median after tapping 8/8.
The breakup was from above the 200dma. The balance from sharp reversal after the initial 3 wave down from the SPX wave 5 extension as Covid19 fed impulse accelerated under the Tenkan. From there we had seen the ABC or 1-2-3 spinning around the 61.8% of the move. Support began at the October 2019 lows. A manic wave 5 or 3 of some degree was a resolution for the ages. Note the 100% extension from the emotive element and MM levels when the spit kicks in. A manic wave 5 or 3 of some degree was a resolution for the ages. Note the 100% extension from the emotive element and MM levels when the spit kicks in
The S&P 500 held the sphere of influence from Nov 2020 reversed higher after spitting the 38% and key lows. Last week we said “We do have a weekly cloud twist; however, the energy is waning without sharp impulse.” We got the sharp impulse right to weekly Kijun. For major cycles we watch the S&P 500 over 4,231, the 50% retracement of losses from the Jan. 3 & June 16 close. Since 1950 there has never been a bear market rally that exceeded the 50% retracement then gone on to make new cycle lows. Is this time different, as we tested and spat those June lows?
Key support is the 38% correction and the previous low. Power came from rejecting the cloud as one would expect in a 3 or C. We have Kijun. the Tenkan and 50wma all above i.e impulse right to the weekly cloud is needed for cycle switching. For that you would have to break the Kijun and 50wma.
On the way up each new high evolved after testing Tenkan key support on the way and we are now getting a retest as resistance. We reiterate this needs to be recovered for a resumption of the uptrend meanwhile the bear market plays out. Watch Tenkan this week and watch for Kijun reaction. Extensions are difficult to time, keep it simple.
THE KEY: Key for the impulse higher was the spit or retest of MM 8/8 and Tenkan San, which held with the previous highs and Tenkan. To repeat “We look for 3 waves down and reactions to keep it simple with the alternatives in the daily.” Keep an eye on the put/call ratio with recognition to the sheer size of contracts AND keep in mind the stimulus distortion. The spit per channel fractal and Adams rule launched back over the cloud where we were encased AND we are back testing it. Watch if a spit or clear break support as Chikou rebalances
A reminder that Apple Inc $AAPL, Microsoft Corp $MSFT, Amazon.com Inc $AMZN, Facebook Inc $FB, and Google-parent Alphabet Inc $GOOGL make up approximately 23% of the total weight of the S&P 500. With that comes gyrations that are an outsized impact on broader markets
The down move saw Nasdaq spit the weekly Kijun and a 1-2 off tenkan we spat MM 5/8 after holding the key 61.8% Fib. We watch the Tenkan & Kijun confluence above, the breakup level and between the 38/50 Fibs. The Nasdaq is well behind the S&P pace with the weekly cloud and 50wma well above. Support the 61.8% retest.
Recall ATH was after it broke and held the weekly Tenkan to see a spit of a spit fail which is completive of 5 of some degree with Chikou rebalancing. Watch Chikou for divergence for continuation or failure. Divergence with Russell also a clue.
The Dow led the indices and closed above the weekly Tenkan after closing and testing last week. Prior test after the reaction off the June lows and sphere of influence. Support is the channel and Fibs. Tenkan and Kijun after the reaction empowered. Support is the channel and Fibs.
The small cap Russell RUT bounced in double bottom off 1600 5/8 confluence which was the Nov 2020 breakup. Russell 2000 Resistance Tenkan and Kijun, note previous rejections. This is the index showing more of the fast money crowd and is trading like it. Needs to get traction in here for bulls. 7/8 & 8/8 support collapsed on the way down and is now major resistance.
Semiconductors SMH clean with reaction from above reverted with retest & break of the triple top patterning in a pennant. From there been a fractal on each exhaustion. Pull from Chip players $ON $TSM $NVDA $ASML $AMD $QCOM $AVGO $TXN $INTC $AMAT $LRCX $XLNX
NVidia’s latest slide was off earnings, back to lows at 4/8 after a failed breakup retest from May 2021. NVidia is a clear leader of #SOX #SMH look for cues there and ABC failures for changes. Above is the Key Break (mauve) and Tenkan to a flat cloud. Support the recent low at the 61.8% extension.
Heading into another Earnings Apple held the sphere of influence after retesting 7/8 & break up. Kijun and Tenkan are about to touch, with earnings we watch for a kiss of death at the cloud as the story. Apple & other mega-cap names dominant the major indices, and a plethora of funds that hold it as a core position. The Vanguard Mega-Cap Growth ETF (MGK) delta is important to watch.
A firm rejection at $175 at +2/8 triggered a waterfall down for Apple. On the way up Apple gently motored up to new ATH over the massive $160 then $170 thru to $180 gamma level on the way down these levels became key energy levels all the way to $132. Support held at the May break (just like NVDA) where from there it spat the cloud pulled by a flat Tenkan and Kijun as it rebalanced Chikou. The old channel break and MM 8/8 is now key. Remember the impact $AAPL has, at least short term on all the major indices.
The ARK Innovation ETF (ARKK) finally found some support at -1/8, 78% off highs and the 423.6% extension! The fund is filled with growth stocks and was the top-performing U.S. equity fund tracked by Morningstar in 2020, it has not been a pretty slide.
The ARKK ETF trading clinically, tested triangle breakdown and failed off 50 WMA. Some work at support at 61.8% of whole move and then wrecked again. Clear crowd behavior, we saw ATH in NASDAQ & SPX, yet this couldn’t raise a bid – very telling negative divergence. $ARKK rebalanced Chikou at week’s end
Part B: Bond Markets
Inflation with Henry Kaufman
Kaufman is the legendary chief economist and head of bond market research at Salomon Brothers is someone who knows Inflation. Henry Kaufman in an interview with Bloomberg’s Erik Schatzker Jan 14, 2022:
“I don’t think this Federal Reserve and this leadership has the stamina to act decisively. They’ll act incrementally. In order to turn the market around to a more non-inflationary attitude, you have to shock the market. You can’t raise interest rates bit-by-bit.”
“The longer the Fed takes to tackle a high rate of inflation, the more inflationary psychology is embedded in the private sector — and the more it will have to shock the system.”
“‘It’s dangerous to use the word transitory,’ Kaufman said. ‘The minute you say transitory, it means you’re willing to tolerate some inflation.’ That, he said, undermines the Fed’s role of maintaining economic and financial stability to achieve ‘reasonable non-inflationary growth.’”
The rubber is meeting the road as the trifecta of rising interest rates, the Russian invasion of Ukraine and surging costs continues to weigh, this has been no surprise to us here and shouldn’t have been to the market and PTB. You can only play with fire for so long before you get scorched!
With all the redirection of blame at the Fed about inflation one has to understand it is a global phenomenon outside the Fed’s Control. With the war drums louder than ever the supply chain issues are out of control. The Federal Reserve is not in control of global energy and commodities prices.
Everything points to powerful inflationary dynamics and a Federal Reserve so far “behind the curve.”
“This is shaping up to be the most volatile year for Treasuries in over a decade, as uncertainty about the impact of aggressive Federal Reserve tightening whipsaws yields. The yield on 10-year US notes has traded in a range of at least 10 bps in 50 of 95 trading days so far in 2022. That puts it on track for an annual rate of more than 130 episodes, which would be the highest since 2009.”May 18 – Bloomberg (Garfield Reynolds)
U.S. Treasuries had a down week, The market heard from a couple Fed officials Friday. Boston Fed President Collins (FOMC voter) said that she supports smaller rate hikes going forward, followed by holding the fed funds rate range at a restrictive level. Chicago Fed President Evans (non-voter) said that it makes sense to shift to smaller rate hikes. JPMorgan expects a 50-bps rate hike in December, followed by a 25-bps hike in February. The 2s10s spread faced more pressure this week, tightening by another ten basis points to -51 bps.
Investment-grade bond funds posted outflows of $2.096 billion, while junk bond funds reported inflows of $4.278 billion (from Lipper).
- Weak Demand for U.S. 7-year Treasury Bond Auction as Growth Markets Shake
- Solid 5-year Treasury Bond Auction After Big Tech Stock Earnings Misses
- Dismal U.S. 20-year Treasury Bond Auction as US 30 Year Fixed Mortgage Rate Hits 20 Year High 7.22%
- 10-year U.S. Treasury Bond Auction Lackluster Demand Ahead of Tomorrow’s CPI
- Foreign Buyers Stayed Away from 3-Year Treasury Bond Auction
- 2-yr: -5 bps to 4.67% (+25 bps for the week)
- 3-yr: -7 bps to 4.57% (+16 bps for the week)
- 5-yr: -2 bps to 4.33% (+14 bps for the week)
- 10-yr: +3 bps to 4.16% (+15 bps for the week)
- 30-yr: +9 bps to 4.25% (+12 bps for the week)
“Government bond prices around the world are moving in tandem, reducing investors’ ability to diversify their portfolios and raising concerns of being blindsided by market gyrations. Correlations between currency-adjusted returns on the government debt of countries such as the U.S., Japan, the U.K. and Germany are at their highest level in at least seven years, data from MSCI showed, as central banks around the world ramp up their fight against inflation.”October 10 – Reuters (Davide Barbuscia)
Key Rates and Spreads
- 10-year Treasury bonds 4.17%, up +0.17 w/w (1-yr range: 1.08-4.22) (12 year high)
- Credit spread 2.16%, down -0.14 w/w (1-yr range: 1.65-4.31)
- BAA corporate bond index 6.33%, up +0.03 (1-yr range: 3.13-6.48) (10 year+ high)
- 30-Year conventional mortgage rate 7.29%, up +0.25% w/w w/w (1-yr range: 2.75-7.38) (new 20 year high intraweek)
- 10-year minus 2-year: -0.49%, up +0.08% w/w (1-yr range: -0.52 – 1.59)
- 10-year minus 3-month: +0.09%, up +0.14% (1-yr range: -0.01 – 2.04) (inverted last Monday)
- 2-year minus Fed funds: +0.83%, down -0.50% w/w
Instability is pronounced, credit defaults are on track to rise in North America, Europe, Asia, and Australia, according to a survey by the International Association of Credit Portfolio Managers. The economic slump is likely to occur later this year or in 2023, according to the survey.
Highlights – Mortgage Market
- Freddie Mac 30-year fixed mortgage rates fell 13 bps to 6.95% (up 386bps y-o-y).
- Fifteen-year rates declined seven bps to 6.29% (up 394bps).
- Five-year hybrid ARM rates slipped a basis point to 5.95% (up 341bps) – near the high since November 2008.
- Bankrate’s survey of jumbo mortgage borrowing costs had 30-year fixed rates up 16 bps to 7.23% (up 406bps) – the high since December 2008.
Highlights – Federal Reserve
- Federal Reserve Credit fell $39.4bn last week to $8.662 TN. Fed Credit was down $239bn from the June 22nd peak.
- Over the past 164 weeks, Fed Credit expanded $4.935 TN, or 132%. Fed Credit inflated $5.851 Trillion, or 208%, over the past 521 weeks.
- Elsewhere, Fed holdings for foreign owners of Treasury, Agency Debt last week dropped $27.1bn to $3.310 TN – the low since July 2017.
- “Custody holdings” were down $171bn, or 4.9%, y-o-y.
- Total money market fund assets jumped $47.5bn to $4.632 TN. Total money funds were up $77bn, or 1.7%, y-o-y.
- Total Commercial Paper was little changed at $1.301 TN. CP was up $147bn, or 12.8%, over the past year.
Global Bond Watch
Highlights – European Bonds
- Greek 10-year yields jumped 23 bps to 4.71% (up 339bps y-t-d).
- Italian yields surged 29 bps to 4.46% (up 329bps).
- Spain’s 10-year yields rose 20 bps to 3.35% (up 279bps).
- German bund yields jumped 19 bps to 2.30% (up 247bps).
- French yields rose 22 bps to 2.83% (up 263bps).
- The French to German 10-year bond spread widened about three to 53 bps.
- U.K. 10-year gilt yields increased six bps to 3.54% (up 257bps).
Highlights – Asian Bonds
- Japanese 10-year “JGB” yields added a basis point to 0.26% (up 19bps y-t-d).
Federal Reserve Gives All Banks a Pass in Annual Bank Stress Test
The Federal Reserve released its annual bank stress test after the market last quarter. All 34 large banks tested remained well above their risk-based minimum capital requirements, and the Fed announced no restrictions relating to dividends and buybacks. With the dismal state of the economy through soaring inflation and record low consumer sentiment these tests were keenly watched. Banks suffered slightly more hypothetical losses in the 2022 severe test than last year, posting $612 billion in projected losses as capital ratios fell to 9.7%. Read More Here.
Part C: Commodities
“Commodity markets are struggling to shake their months-long liquidity crisis that’s brought an era of erratic swings in the value of the world’s raw materials. The giant price fluctuations that followed Russia’s invasion of Ukraine roiled markets for everything from natural gas to crude oil and metals. Trading activity in most raw material markets has sunk to low levels. Open interest in oil last week hit the lowest since 2015, while natural gas, sugar and aluminum futures holdings all remain at or near the lowest levels in years. In out-of-control power and gas markets, spiking prices are limiting the number of contracts traders can hold because of surging collateral requirements. In oil, macro investors have pulled bets on raw materials as an inflation hedge after central banks began hiking rates. All the while, some traders have turned their backs on the London Metal Exchange after the crisis in nickel trading earlier this year.”September 13 – Bloomberg (Alex Longley and Yongchang Chin)
- Bloomberg Commodities Index surged 5.1% (up 18.5% y-t-d).
- Spot Gold gained 2.3% to $1,682 (down 8.1%).
- Silver surged 8.3% to $20.86 (down 10.5%).
- WTI crude jumped $4.71 to $92.61 (up 23%). Gasoline dropped 5.9% (up 23%)
- Natural Gas rallied 12.6% to $6.40 (up 72%).
- Copper jumped 7.5% (down 17%).
- Wheat rose 2.2% (up 10%),
- Corn was little changed (up 15%).
- Bitcoin gained 2.7% this week, or $560, to $21,184 (down 54%).
BDI Freight Index
- The Baltic Exchange’s dry bulk sea freight index on Friday, bucked its long 12-day losing streak rising 2.6% to 1,323 points. The overall index, which factors in rates for capesize, panamax and supramax shipping vessels, about 13.8% in its third straight weekly decline.
- The capesize index, which tracks iron ore and coal cargos of 150,000 tonnes, also halted its 12-losing run, surging 9.6% to 1,343 points
- The Panamax index, which tracks about 60,000 to 70,000 tonnes of coal and grains cargoes, rose 1 point to 1,700 points.
- The supramax index fell 19 points to 1,268 points.
We analyze Alcoa as a surrogate to Aluminum given its high beta relationship and more liquid aspect as an investment vehicle.
We have seen $AA retest the previous high after the +3 Spit as the Chikou rebalanced. We have the Gap below at +1/8 confluence. We move to 240 for this pennant resolution.
Copper rebounded sharply off the 50wma but again has failed on the cloud spit and channel break. The flattening Weekly Tenkan and Kijun acted as a magnet to close right there. #HG power spits have quickly rebalanced back into the wide channel. Copper had been a leader in the risk on movement for commodities.
Lumber prices were a leading indicator of the supply-chain problems and inflation that followed pandemic lockdowns.
Lumber futures for July delivery ended Friday at $695.10 per thousand board feet, down 52% from a high in early March. On-the-spot wood prices have plunged, too. Pricing service Random Lengths said Friday that its framing composite index, which tracks cash sales, fell about 12% last week to end at $794. That is down from $1,334 in March, just before the Federal Reserve raised interest rates for the first time since 2018.
KnovaWave analyze US Wheat futures given its high beta relationship and more liquid aspect as an investment vehicle.
Wheat closed under the Tenkan this week again after its recent rally was reversed between the 50 and 61.8% Fibs. It had been drawn higher by the flat weekly cloud and supported by 0/8 which held. The contract stabilized after it continued its sharp impulsive collapse fueled from when it retested and broke the Tenkan (orange). This came about after a failure at retesting the 8/8 move and high after it spat 8/8, and the minimum target. It had completed a measured 4/8 correction off highs then broke key support at 38% then 50% and 50wma confluence in the freefall. From here Wheat support at that $700 cloud confluence with the breakup level at 61.8% resistance, then Kijun and Tenkan.
Corn replicated last week’s price action as it recovered from its freefall in June it has worked its way up spitting off Kijun at the 7/8 near the top of the weekly cloud after Tenkan and 50wma was recaptured last month. Earlier in the year Corn had topped out at the highest since 2012 in Chicago at +1/8 and corrected with impulse back to break the Tenkan which it swiftly did a spit of a spit after bouncing off 720, which also the price successfully retested the high from April 2021. From here we saw Tenkan fail again, and empowered selling smashed through previous high, Kijun and 7/8 confluence. Which is back where we are. The 50wma is now support with the cloud and 6/8 below. All these levels are now significant.
Soybeans rejected new lows at the bottom of trendline to close higher on the week. The 50 wma and the tenkan are both under the Kijun providing heavy resistance. We sit near the January breakup. The weekly cloud and Murray mingle around the $13.9/bushel benchmark.
Recall beans broke down from the bull pennant framed by +4/8 and +1/8 with the Kijun unable to sustain support right at the breakout. Support at the 50wma gave way to under the futures pivot at $15/bushel benchmarks and at the close of the week was a magnet to the recovery bounce. Pressure came from futures spitting the Weekly +4/8 over $17.50/bushel three times. The market needs to rebalance that energy.
For complete Oil and Natural Gas Coverage please visit our dedicated publications ‘Around the Barrel’ and ‘Into the Vortex.’ – Weekly Analysis and Outlook for Energy Traders and Investors
Key Energy Reports
- Around The Barrel – Crude Oil and Gasoline Outlook with Diesel Shortage
- Into The Vortex – Natural Gas Outlook with Cold Weather Ahead
- Into The Vortex – EIA Reports Natural Gas Storage Rose 107 Bcf
- ConocoPhillips Earnings Surge with LNG and Record Lower 48 Production, Raises Dividend
- APA Earnings Beat with Stronger Permian Production
- Around The Barrel – Crude Oil and Gasoline Draw as Refinery Utilization Rises 1.70
- Saudi Aramco Profit $US42.43 billion With Decline in Refining and Chemicals Margins
- Phillips 66 Profits Soared as Refineries Run at Record Capacity Despite Crack Spread Falling
- BP Posts Huge Natural Gas Trading Profit, to Increase US Oil and Gas Production
- Exxon Mobil Delivers Record Profits Sending XOM Shares to All Time Highs
- Chevron Earnings Soar on Record Permian Basin Production and Australian LNG Cargoes
- Shell 3Q Earnings $9.45 billion, Lower on Refining and Trading Revenues
- Ford Earnings Overcome Cost Pressures, Winds Down Argo AI Autonomous Vehicle JV with Volkswagen
- Ahead of Earnings ExxonMobil Announce Two New Discoveries Offshore Guyana
- PACCAR Recovers from Chip Issues, Delivers Record Parts Revenues
- Halliburton Earnings Doubled on Structural demand for More Oil and Gas Supply
- Refiner Valero Earnings Smash Estimates with Record Refinery Throughput
- Oil Drilling Ramp and Record Natural Gas Production Deliver for Schlumberger
- U.S. Energy Stocks Short Interest Highest level since October 2020, are The Shorts Right?
- Diesel is THE Energy Cyclone, Not Coal, Natural Gas or Coal
- US to Release More Oil from Strategic Petroleum Reserve Than Originally Planned
- OPEC Monthly Oil Market Report October 2022
- US Preparing to Lift Venezuela Sanctions with Chevron to Resume Oil Production WSJ Reports
- OPEC+ To Cut Crude Oil Production 2 million Barrels Per Day
- Natural Gas and Palladium Best Performing Futures Third Quarter of 2022, Lumber and Gasoline the Worse
“Central banks bought a record 399 tonnes of gold worth around $20 billion in the third quarter of 2022, helping to lift global demand for the metal, the World Gold Council (WGC) said… Demand for gold was also strong from jewellers and buyers of gold bars and coins, the WGC said in its latest quarterly report, but exchange traded funds (ETFs) storing bullion for investors shrank… Buying by central banks in the third quarter far exceeded the previous quarterly record in data stretching back to 2000 and took their purchases for the year to September to 673 tonnes, more than the total purchases in any full year since 1967…”November 1 – Reuters (Peter Hobson):
Gold futures back testing the median after another rejection at the Tenkan (orange). Needs gets impulse off this ABC off this cloud or double top gains more weight and it follows silver weakness The yellow metal is consolidating after it accelerated after breaking the weekly triangle higher. Gold has bounced after support at it’s uptrend line since the August 2021 bottom and Kijun. It garnered strength after rebalancing after manic rise to +5/8 weekly rebalance of Chikou in 5 waves. To be bullish we need to stay above the triangle. Murrey Math resistance, watch Fibs & Chikou.
Silver, like Gold bounced under the cloud base. Back underr 50wma after spitting Tenkan providing support after reversed. Closing under weekly Kijun which is now resistance. Major support is previous lows
Part D: Forex Markets
John Maynard Keynes, 1920: “There is no subtler, no surer means of overturning the existing basis of society than to debauch the currency. The process engages all the hidden forces of economic law on the side of destruction and does it in a manner which not one man in a million is able to diagnose.”
- The U.S. Dollar Index little changed at 110.88 (up 15.9% y-t-d). On Friday the dollar index dropped 1.6%, the biggest one-day decline since March 2020. The Chinese Renminbi jumped 1.62%, and the Offshore Renminbi surged 2.02% versus the dollar.
- For the week on the upside, the Brazilian real increased 4.7%, the New Zealand dollar 2.1%, the Mexican peso 1.4%, the South African rand 1.3%, the Australian dollar 0.9%, the Canadian dollar 0.9%, the Norwegian krone 0.8%, the Japanese yen 0.7%, the Swedish krona 0.4%, the Singapore dollar 0.3%, the South Korean won 0.2% and the Swiss franc 0.1%, The Chinese (onshore) renminbi increased 0.94% versus the dollar (down 11.54% y-t-d).
- On the downside, the British pound declined 2.0%, and the euro slipped 0.1%.
For our complete Forex Weekly Analysis and Outlook visit our Forex Traders Weekly Outlook:
Charts and commentary via KnovaWave on the US Dollar, Euro, Japanese Yen, British Pound, Euro Pound, Swiss Franc, Canadian Dollar, Australian Dollar, New Zealand Dollar, Turkish Lira, Mexican Peso. Currency dynamics are complex. There are myriad facets to analyze and contemplate that influence all markets.
Bitcoin continues to perform technically to perfection. Impulse begets impulse. To understand panic, understand greed. $BTC tested the top of a rising channel after the preceding sharp downturn which was the downside breakout of an earlier bearish flag, after breaking downside a H&S top and then down it went….
Recall Bitcoin exploded higher following it’s correction impulsively upon completing 5 waves up at +2/8. Each Tenkan and Kijun tap saw an explosive kiss of death until we completed 3 waves to around 28,000. From there we have seen extreme volatility.
Looking back Bitcoin put in a high of $63,000 around Coinbase, the largest US crypto exchange successfully went public which signaled profit-taking. The recent high over $68,000 came after the launch over the Bitcoin ETF, Bitcon. From that high we have 2 main alternatives a V of a 1 of a V. For bears it a completive five with impulse right to the 50wma – an incredible 26% fall in a Friday night session. That’s impulse! We watch for an ABC to develop here support is the 50wma and bottom of the weekend cloud.
On the Risk Radar
Geopolitical Tinderbox Radar
Economic and Geopolitical Watch
Major banks kicking off earnings this quarter, including BlackRock (BLK), Citigroup (C), First Republic Bank (FRC), JPMorgan Chase (JPM) and Wells Fargo (WFC).
Major US Banks Deliver Mixed Results in Q3, 2022
The major money cents banks released earnings with many strong results for Q3. Mainly from the interest rate spreads on the positive side. We see a reversal of loss reserve releases from the pandemic kitty as the economy slides into recession.
- Goldman Sachs Bear Market Woes, Trading Revenue up 11%, Investment Banking Revenue Fell 57%
- Charles Schwab Client Assets Fell $1.4 Trillion to $6.6 trillion in the Third Quarter
- Bank of America Earnings Beat as Net interest Income Jumped 24% Thanks to the Federal Reserve
- PNC Bank Earnings Higher with Widening Net Interest Margin
- JPMorgan Benefitting from Fed Rate Hikes with Record Quarterly Net Interest Income
- Wells Fargo Earnings Again Hit by Regulatory Charges with Another $2 billion in Charges
- US Bancorp Earnings Benefitting from Rising Interest Rates and Loan Growth
- Morgan Stanley Investment Banking Drags Down Earnings
- Citigroup Earnings Boosted by Inflation Spiked Credit Card Revenue
- BlackRock Earnings Cushioned by ETF Products as Assets Under Management Fall 16% To 2020 Levels
Banks are benefiting from the Federal Deposit Insurance Commission intending to ease the Volcker Rule, which restricts banks from making large investments into venture capital. The Volcker Rule was enacted in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, and the new changes could potentially free up billions in bank capital.
The Week Ahead – Have a Trading Plan
What Macro and Micro Risks and Opportunities Lie Ahead this week
Next Week’s Risk Dashboard via Scotiabank
- October US consumer price index report release.
Global Central Bank Watch
Federal Reserve members are off their blackout period and will be making appearance all week. Look for Fed presidents Collins, Mester, Barkin, Logan, and George to give talks.
Monday, Nov. 7
- ECB President Lagarde speaks to the European Commission/ECB high-level conference on the framework for a digital euro. ECB board member Panetta participates in a panel discussion at the same event.
- Fed’s Collins and Mester speak at a symposium on women in economics hosted by the Cleveland Fed. Fed’s Barkin participates in a discussion about inflation.
- Eurozone finance ministers meet in Brussels
Tuesday, Nov. 8
- Bundesbank symposium; speeches by Nagel and Enria.
- Riksbank’s Breman speaks about the global economy. ECB’s Wunsch gives a public lecture in Geneva entitled “Germs, War and Central Banks”
- BOE’s Mann participates in a panel at a conference on global risk, uncertainty and volatility hosted by the Swiss National Bank, Fed and BIS in Zurich
- BOE Chief Economist Pill participates in a panel at the UBS European Conference in London BOJ announces the outright purchase amount of government securities
- Eurozone finance ministers meet in Brussels
Wednesday, Nov. 9
- Poland rate decision: Expected to keep base rate unchanged at 6.75%.
- New York Fed President John Williams speaks at a conference on global risk, uncertainty and volatility jointly hosted by the Swiss National Bank, Fed and BIS in Zurich
- Fed’s Barkin speaks about the economic outlook at the Shenandoah University School of Business in Winchester, Virginia
- RBA Deputy Governor Michele Bullock speaks at the 2022 ABE Annual Dinner in Sydney
- ECB’s Elderson participates in a panel at an event organized by Euro-Mediterranean Economists Association
- Norges Bank and Riksbank release their respective financial stability reports
- BOE’s Haskel speaks at a Digital Futures at Work Research Centre event titled “Restarting the Future: How to Fix the Intangible Economy”
Thursday, Nov. 10
- Mexico rate decision: Expected to raise the overnight rate by 75bps to 10.00%
- Dallas Fed President Logan and Kansas City Fed President George speak at an energy and economy conference jointly hosted by their banks Cleveland Fed President Mester speaks about the outlook for the economy and monetary policy at a virtual event hosted by Princeton University
- BOE Deputy Governor Ramsden participates in a panel at the Next STEP Global Conference 2022 hosted by PIIE and National University of Singapore’s Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy in Singapore
- BOE’s Tenreyro delivers a keynote speech at the Society of Professional Economists Annual Conference in London
- SNB’s Maechler delivers keynote speech at the 17th Annual Meeting of SFI in Zurich
- ECB’s Schnabel, Kažimír and Vasle speak at an event in Ljubljana, Slovenia. Schnabel also participates in a roundtable discussion at the Bank of Slovenia ECB publishes its Economic Bulletin
- RBNZ releases a review of monetary policy implementation United Nations publishes its “Food Outlook” report
Friday, Nov. 11
- ECB’s Panetta delivers a talk at the Italian Institute for International Political Studies in Milan ECB’s de Guindos, Pablo Hernández de Cos and Centeno speak at XXVII Encuentro de Economía en S’Agaró
- ECB’s Holzmann speaks to journalists at the Club of Economic Writers in Vienna
- ECB Chief Economist Lane participates in a policy panel at the 23rd Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference in Washington
Economic Data Watch
Key indicators to consider including the outcome of Brazil’s election, China’s and India’s PMIs, another pair of regional central bank decisions, testimony by BoC Governor Macklem and SDG Rogers and other global macro readings.
- US October inflation report will be closely watched. The headline inflation is seen rising 0.7% month-on-month, resulting in the annual rate of inflation slowing to 8.0% from 8.2%. Core inflation likely rose 0.5% over the previous month, ending in the annual rate easing to 6.5% from 6.6%. The Michigan consumer sentiment preliminary reading for November. United States will hold midterm elections in which control of the Senate and House of Representatives and state legislatures and governorships will be at stake.
- Brazil Will update its retail sales, inflation, and business confidence figures.
- Europe, Eurozone retail sales, industrial production in Germany is also forecast to rebound slightly. Construction PMIs; Germany final inflation figures and current account; France balance of trade; Russia inflation rate; Switzerland unemployment rate; and Turkey industrial activity and unemployment rate.
- UK preliminary estimate of third-quarter GDP growth, along with higher frequency industrial production, foreign trade, and construction output. Britain’s economy most likely contracted in Q3, after five consecutive quarters of growth.
- China October CPI expected to show that inflation has slowed after hitting a two-year high in the prior month. Fresh trade data with both import and export growth set to slow.
- In Australia, the Westpac consumer confidence for November and NAB business confidence for October take the center stage. In neighboring New Zealand, the BusinessNZ PMI for October is awaited.
- Japan BoJ’s Summary of Opinions, current account for September
- Australia Westpac consumer confidence for November and NAB business confidence for October
- New Zealand BusinessNZ PMI for October
US Data Focus
- Monday: September Consumer Credit (prior $23.80 bln) at 15:00 ET
- Tuesday: October NFIB Small Business Optimism Index (prior 92.1) at 6:00 ET and $40 bln 3-yr Treasury note auction results at 13:00 ET
- Wednesday: Weekly MBA Mortgage Index (prior -0.5%) at 7:00 ET; September Wholesale Inventories (prior 1.3%) at 10:00 ET; weekly crude oil inventories (prior -3.12 mln) at 10:30 ET; and $35 bln 10-yr Treasury note auction results at 13:00 ET
- Thursday: November CPI (prior 0.4%), Core CPI (prior 0.6%), weekly Initial Claims (prior 217,000), and Continuing Claims (prior 1.485 mln) at 8:30 ET; weekly natural gas inventories (prior +107 bcf) at 10:30 ET; $21 bln 30-yr Treasury bond auction results at 13:00 ET; and October Treasury Budget (prior -$429.70 bln) at 14:00 ET
- Friday: Preliminary November University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index (prior 59.9) at 10:00 ET
Earnings and Event Watch
US Stocks Watch
Investors (and algos) will focus on the conference calls and outlooks. Last quarter everyone expected the worse, we saw critical updates on production in coronavirus impacted regions and if there is extended halting of operations weighing on multi-nationals.
Analysts are expecting same-quarter seasonally unadjusted earnings to be up by only about 3% y/y from about 10% in Q2 as the softening economy and higher borrowing costs bite. FactSet expects the softest earnings growth by this measure since the early days of recovery in 2020 Q3.
- Monday. Ford (F) Chief Advanced Product Development and Technology Officer Doug Field virtual fireside chat with analysts from Bernstein. Ford’s first EV products and BlueCruise L2 hands-free system. The four-day Credit Suisse 31st Annual Healthcare Conference will begin. Bio-Rad Laboratories (BIO), Walgreens Boots Alliance (WBA), and Johnson & Johnson (JNJ).
- Tuesday Investor Day events include Zoom Video Communications (ZM), Nucor (NUE) and Nasdaq (NDAQ). Baird 52nd Annual Global Industrial Conference and Morgan Stanley Industrial Conference taking place. ARK Invest will hold its monthly webinar. US elections
- Wednesday Companies holding investor day events include Phillips 66 (PSX), Procore Technologies (PCOR), and First Republic Bank (FRC).
- Thursday Fisker (FSR) holding a factory tour and offering test drives for analysts and journalists at Magna’s facilities in Austria. FDA’s Pulmonary-Allergy Drugs Advisory Committee will meet to discuss Veru’s (VERU) request for Emergency Use Authorization of sabizabulin for hospitalized COVID-19 patients who are at high risk for ARDS.
- Friday ASML Holding (ASML) will hold an Investor Day event.
Earnings Highlights This Week:
- Monday includes Palantir Technologies (PLTR) Lyft, Inc. (LYFT) Take-Two Interactive (TTWO), Activision Blizzard (ATVI), Ryanair (RYAAY), Vroom (VRM), SmileDirectClub (SDC), Cronos Group (CRON), Citrix Systems (CTXS), Blue Apron (APRN), and BioNTech SE (BNTX)
- Tuesday includes Disney (DIS) Occidental Petroleum (OXY) Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings (NCLH), DuPont de Nemours (DD), Upstart Holdings (UPST), GXO Logistics (GXO), Coty (COTY), and Sweetgreen (SG)
- Wednesday includes Rivian Automotive (RIVN) Roblox (RBLX), Coupang (CPNG), Beyond Meat (BYND), Wendy’s International (WEN), Dutch Bros (BROS), Canoo (GOEV), HanesBrands (HBI), Flutter Entertainment (OTCPK:PDYPY), Nissan Motors (OTCPK:NSANY), Adidas (OTCQX:ADDYY), Wolverine Worldwide Holdings (WWW), DR Horton (DHI), Fiverr International (FVRR), The Trade Desk (TTD), MasterCraft Boat Holdings (MCFT), ContextLogic (WISH), and Unity Software (U).
- Thursday includes NIO Inc. (NIO) AstraZeneca (AZN) Six Flags (SIX), Solo Brands (DTC), Tapestry (TPR), WestRock Company (WRK), Ralph Lauren (RL), and Utz Brands (UTZ).
- Friday includes Polestar (PSNY) Softbank (OTCPK:SFTBY) and Dillard’s (DDS)
US IPO Week Ahead:
Focus on yourself and what YOU CAN INFLUENCE, set your trading plan and goals in be set for 2022.
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