Swiss National Bank Raised Policy Rate by 25 bps to 1.75%, Will Remain Active in FX Market

The Swiss National Bank raised its policy rate by 25 bps to 1.75% in its June meeting, following a 50bps move in March and bringing borrowing costs the highest since November 2008. The move matched the expectations of 14 within consensus with 1 having expected a hold and 6 expecting +50. The central bank forward guidance indicated that further tightening is ‘most likely’. Two-year notes rallied on the milder hike compared to the risk and the Swiss Franc came off marginally. The SNB said that additional hikes in the policy rate could not be ruled out to ensure price stability over the medium term.  

Swiss National Bank

Monetary policy assessment of 22 June 2023
Swiss National Bank Tightens Monetary Policy


  • Raises rates 25 bps to 1.75%
  • Prior 1.50%
  • Rate hike is to counter inflation, which has increased again over the medium-term
  • Additional rate hikes cannot be ruled out to ensure price stability
  • In the current environment, the focus is on selling foreign currency
  • Will remain active in the Forex market as necessary
Switzerland Interest Rate

Inflation Projections

  • Sees 2023 inflation at 2.2% (previously 2.6%)
  • Sees 2024 inflation at 2.2% (previously 2.0%)

Market Reaction

  • The Swiss 2-year government bond rallied on the milder hike compared to the risk
  • Swiss Franc came off marginally.

Remarks by SNB chief, Thomas Jordan

  • Monetary tightening has strengthened Swiss franc
  • Still, underlying inflation pressure has risen further
  • There is a danger inflation may become entrenched above 2%
  • Inflation caused by higher rents not a reason to refrain from future rate hikes
  • They are certainly keeping the door open for higher rates and the remarks are making that evidently clear.
  • Most likely we will have to tighten monetary policy again
  • But we can also take a more gradual approach
  • A gradual approach is appropriate at present, we can look again in September

Remarks by SNB Deputy, Maechler

  • SNB has sold foreign currencies in recent quarters
  • Will continue that if this is appropriate for monetary policy
  • Remain ready to buy foreign currencies if there is excessive franc appreciation

Monetary policy assessment of 22 June 2023

Press Statement

Swiss National Bank tightens monetary policy further and raises
SNB policy rate to 1.75%

The SNB is tightening its monetary policy further and is raising the SNB policy rate by 0.25 percentage points to 1.75%. In doing so, it is countering inflationary pressure, which has increased again over the medium term. It cannot be ruled out that additional rises in the SNB policy rate will be necessary to ensure price stability over the medium term. To provide appropriate monetary conditions, the SNB also remains willing to be active in the foreign exchange market as necessary. In the current environment, the focus is on selling foreign currency.

The SNB policy rate change applies from tomorrow, 23 June 2023. Banks’ sight deposits held at the SNB will be remunerated at the SNB policy rate of 1.75% up to a certain threshold. Sight deposits above this threshold will be remunerated at an interest rate of 1.25%, and thus still at a discount of 0.5 percentage points relative to the SNB policy rate.

Inflation has declined significantly in recent months, and stood at 2.2% in May. This decrease was above all attributable to lower inflation on imported goods, in particular lower prices for oil products and natural gas.

The new conditional inflation forecast is based on the assumption that the SNB policy rate is 1.75% over the entire forecast horizon. Through to the end of 2023, the new forecast is below that of March. The lower oil and gas prices and the stronger Swiss franc are having a dampening effect over the short term. From 2024 onwards, the new forecast is higher than in March, despite today’s increase in the SNB policy rate. The reasons for this are ongoing second-round effects, higher electricity prices and rents, and more persistent inflationary pressure from abroad. The new forecast puts average annual inflation at 2.2% for 2023 and 2024, and 2.1% for 2025. Without today’s policy rate increase, the inflation forecast would be even higher over the medium term.

Economic growth was modest in the advanced economies in the first quarter of 2023. Although inflation declined again in many countries, it remains clearly above central banks’ targets. Core inflation in particular is still stubbornly elevated. Against this background, numerous central banks have tightened their monetary policy further, albeit at a somewhat slower pace than in the previous quarters.

The growth outlook for the global economy in the coming quarters remains subdued. At the same time, inflation is likely to remain elevated worldwide for the time being. Over the medium term, however, it should return to more moderate levels, not least thanks to the more restrictive monetary policy and due to the economic slowdown.

This scenario for the global economy remains subject to large risks. In particular, the high level of inflation in some countries could be more persistent than expected. Equally, the energy situation in Europe could deteriorate again in Q4 2023 and Q1 2024. Swiss GDP growth was solid in the first quarter of 2023. The services sector gained momentum, and there was also a slight increase in value added in manufacturing. The labour market remained robust, and overall production capacity has been well utilised.

However, the SNB expects modest growth for the remainder of the year. Subdued demand from abroad, the loss of purchasing power due to inflation, and more restrictive financial conditions are having a dampening effect. Overall, GDP is likely to grow by around 1% this year. In this environment, unemployment will probably rise slightly, and the utilisation of production capacity is likely to decline somewhat.

The forecast for Switzerland, as for the global economy, is subject to high uncertainty. The main risk is a more pronounced economic slowdown abroad.

As regards the real estate market, price growth for single-family houses and privately owned apartments has slowed in recent quarters, while prices for apartment buildings have declined. Mortgage growth has remained largely unchanged. The vulnerabilities on the mortgage and real estate markets persist.

More detailed information on the monetary policy decision can be found in the introductory remarks of the Governing Board.

Source: SNB

From The TradersCommunity News Desk