Commodity Traders Outlook: Orange Juice Rally Continues, Lean Hogs Slump

Orange juice futures continued its rally another 6% after it soared over 10% the prior week with low Florida production. On the flip side lean hogs fell 15.5% where October is a $18.17 discount to August, compared to the 10-yr average discount of $13. oats rose 8% and wheat over 5%. In the energy space heating oil jumped 7.6%, WTI crude oil rose 4.6%, Brent crude was up 4.5% and gasoline jumped 2.8%. Natural gas fell 2.5%. Rise off asset buying, weather and geopolitics dominate markets.

Futures Volatility

Crude oil futures continued their move higher since they bounced off its 50-day moving average (71.29) and through resistance from near its 200-day moving average (77.18). WTI futures closed over $80.50.

Week Ending July 28, 2023


Weekly Commodity Highlights

W/E 7 28 2023

Why Interest Rates Matter to Commodity Prices

With the surge interest rates and tightening of credit it has only significantly more expensive to finance commodity trade. The 2-yr note yield fell five basis points to 4.51% but remains significantly higher on the year. This from McKinsey in January has got infinitely more difficult:

“High interest rates, volatile prices and the war in Ukraine have made it significantly more expensive to finance commodity trade, forcing the industry to hunt for an extra $300bn to $500bn in working capital to keep raw materials moving around the world. Changing trade patterns have made the global flow of raw materials less efficient and more costly to finance and are also likely to push up the price of commodities for consumers, according to… McKinsey. ‘Since the end of 2020, we have seen a doubling of the working capital requirements in the commodity trading sector,’ said Roland Rechtsteiner, McKinsey partner and lead author of the report. ‘We could see a similar increase by the end of next year, if [further] changes in trade flows materialize.’”

January 29 – Financial Times (Leslie Hook)

The 2-yr note yield declined 21 basis points this week to 4.73% while the 10-yr note yield fell 23 basis points to 3.82%. There could be residual activity around the week’s inflation reports before PCE lands post the next Fed meeting. The strong data and inflation falling is buoying the view that the economy will avoid a hard landing and that the Fed is close to being done raising interest rates.

Sovereign yields were lower and led by US 2s decline post-CPI and a cumulative ½% lower since the July 6th peak and toward where they were three weeks ago. The lower yields pressured on the dollar this week, as the ECB and Bank of England are seen as having further to go with their rate-hike cycles.

The bulk of the commodities in the BCOM Index (weight > 2.5%) trade in a price supportive backwardation. The dotted line reflects the 1 year financing cost, the reason gold is tracking that level closely @Ole_S_Hansen

COT on Commodities

Money managers in commodities covering the week to July 3: COT on commodities covering a holiday shortened week to July 3 saw funds add length to crudeoil, natgas and gold while cutting exposure in copper, soybeans, sugar and not least corn. via Ole S Hansen @Ole_S_Hansen


COT on metals in week to June 27: COT on metals in wk to June 27: Funds cut their gold long to 86.5k lots, a 15-week low, no change in silver while the palladium short reached a fresh record high at 6.7k lots. HG Copper’s tumble back below the 200-DMA helped trigger an 11% reduction to 20.8k via Ole S Hansen @Ole_S_Hansen


“Chile’s President Gabriel Boric said… he would nationalize the country’s lithium industry, the world’s second largest producer of the metal essential in electric vehicle batteries, to boost its economy and protect its environment. The shock move in the country with the world’s largest lithium reserves would in time transfer control of Chile’s vast lithium operations from industry giants SQM and Albemarle to a separate state-owned company.”

April 21 – Reuters (Alexander Villegas and Ernest Scheyder)



  • Copper for September delivery HGU23 settled at $3.93 per pound, for the week up 2.8%.
  • Inflow to both LME and Shanghai copper warehouse stocks. However, with China announcing a stimulus plan intended to stimulate sales of automobiles and electronics, the copper trade has likely found some measure of speculative buying.
  • Freeport McMoRan CEO suggested that demand for copper is much stronger than what classic economic indicators signal, and he also indicated that without significantly higher copper prices, expanding supply to meet demand for the clean energy revolution will be extremely difficult.
Copper sees a fresh low in exchange monitored warehouse stocks. Down 7k tons on the week to 237k tons, a 39% YoY decline and lowest since December @Ole_S_Hansen
  • Fear of softening Chinese copper consumption has been facilitated following disappointing Chinese PMI data, renewed concerns of collapse in the Chinese property development sector and from escalating retaliatory trade restrictions flowing from both Chinese and US officials.
  • Copper market was significantly overbought from the late May to early June rally of $0.40 and lingering disappointment with respect to the Chinese recovery.
  • Copper market focus is nearly always locked onto China and its copper demand prospects and until Chinese infrastructure specific stimulus programs are announced expect copper to back and fill on the charts.
  • The USD has come off a two-month high, making it more attractive for non-dollar holders to buy dollar-priced commodities.
  • Copper found some support and managed a modest recovery off its lows after a sharp selloff that had taken the market down to its lowest level since late November.
In the three weeks to June 20, speculators bought 46k lots of copper. The fastest pace of buying since Dec 2019 driven by China stimulus hopes, falling stocks and a break above the 200DMA before being forced to reduce on Friday when the metal suffered a 2.1% loss.

  • Copper is the third most widely used industrial metal worldwide, and China is the largest consumer of the metal, accounting for more than 50% of the global consumption.
  • Another internal headwind, the Congo became the 2nd biggest copper exporter replacing Peru as that diversifies supply flow away from South America.
  • China imported 407,294 tonnes of copper in April, a 12.5% reduction compared to the corresponding period of the previous year. Still, tight limited a steeper decline.
  • Talk of oversupply of nickel and zinc ahead creates bearish headwinds for copper prices, but that news is offset by weekly declines in Shanghai aluminum and lead supplies.
  • Chile’s state-owned Codelco said the output in 2023 is estimated to sink as much as 7% after the 10.6% decline in 2022.
  • The copper trade is concerned the US will implement fresh sanctions against China and tensions between the US and China could drift toward trade war status.
  • Demand favors the bull camp and supply factors favor the bear camp.
  • “A copper deficit is set to inundate global markets throughout 2023 — and one analyst predicts the shortfall could potentially extend throughout the rest of the decade. The world is currently facing a global copper shortage, fueled by increasingly challenging supply streams in South America and higher demand pressures. Copper is a leading pulse check for economic health due to its incorporation in various uses such as electrical equipment and industrial machinery. A copper squeeze could be an indicator that global inflationary pressures will worsen…” February 6 – CNBC (Lee Ying Shan)
  • “Widespread anti-government protests are disrupting copper output in Peru, the world’s second-biggest producer, triggering predictions of a further surge in prices for the metal which has already rocketed in recent months as China’s resource-hungry economy reopens. Demonstrators demanding early elections and the resignation of President Dina Boluarte have thrown up roadblocks across the country and attacked mines, causing production slowdowns and closures in the Latin American nation’s copper operations, which account for about 10% of global supply.” February 7 – Financial Times (Joe Parkin Daniels and Harry Dempsey)
via Reuters
  • Commodity trader Trafigura and Goldman Sachs last year both warned that global copper stocks have fallen to record lows with current inventories enough to supply world consumption for just 4.9 days
  • Analysts at Goldman Sachs Group Inc. predicted copper will hit a record high of $11,000 a ton within 12 months, while BNP Paribas says prices will drop to $6,465 a ton by the middle of next year as the market swings into a huge surplus.
  • Glencore estimated a supply shortfall of 50 million tonnes in 2023.


Copper followed through with its break to the upside out of the pennant through the 50wma after it rebounded sharply off the tenkan and failed three times there in the past month. A bullish weekly hammer formed on copper prices, suggesting demand above $4.00. Rebounding from the two-week low of $3.98 touched on April 4th. The flattening Weekly Kijun acted as a magnet with the cloud twist. We closed right at the bottom of the previous bull flag from 2021. Copper had been a leader in the risk on movement for commodities.

Weekly Copper Outlook
Copper Supply Crunch

Precious Metals

  • Gold for December delivery GCZ23 settled at $1,999.90 per ounce on Comex, with prices down nearly 0.3% for the week, according to Dow Jones Market Data.
  • Silver futures for September delivery SIU23 settled $24.50 per ounce, posting a weekly decline of 1.5%.
  • October platinum PLV23 settled at $943.70 per ounce, losing 2.9% for the week,
  • Palladium for September delivery PAU23 to settle at $1,239.60 per ounce and booked a weekly decline of 3.7%.
  • Copper for September delivery HGU23 settled at $3.93 per pound, for the week up 2.8%.


  • October platinum PLV23 settled at $943.70 per ounce, losing 2.9% for the week,
  • Investors have turned away from platinum, with ETF holdings recently posting large outflows and reducing the year-to-date increase. Given the massive washouts in platinum and palladium this week, it is likely that palladium has finally capitulated with a major range down failure to fresh contract lows this morning. Like gold and silver, without positive Chinese economic prospects and a return to risk-on sentiment, the bear camp holds firm control.

“The World Platinum Investment Council raised its 2023 forecast deficit for platinum to a record high as investors bet on the metal’s supply declining. Platinum consumption will outstrip supply by 983,000 ounces in 2023, WPIC wrote in its quarterly report… That would be the biggest shortfall in records going back to the 1970s, and compares with a deficit of 556,000 ounces the council projected in March.”

May 14 – Bloomberg (Eddie Spence):


Four weeks of ETF selling accelerated in the last weeks when holdings were cut by 17 tons, the most since November, reducing total holdings to a three-month low at 2899 tons. Another peak rate delay following Powell’s testimony driving XAUUSD below support towards $1900 via Ole S Hansen @Ole_S_Hansen

Global gold ETFs net inflows US$1.9bn (32t) in March, the first inflows for ten months. However recent inflows were not enough to prevent a net quarterly outflow of US$1.5bn (29t). via @KrishanGopaul


  • Gold for December delivery GCZ23 settled at $1,999.90 per ounce on Comex, with prices down nearly 0.3% for the week, according to Dow Jones Market Data.
  • Production announcements from several mining companies have been offsetting with output overall generally remaining static.
  • Gold ETF holdings saw single day outflows of 0.1% Thursday with the outflow from gold the 4th straight day of outflow. ETF outflows continued to signal waning investment interest and with the US rate hike the path of least resistance in gold from the rates impact has likely shifted down.
  • Gold is primarily supported by a single force of a weaker dollar and with much better-than-expected US data on Thursday, the dollar rebounded impressively.
  • Without a major surprise geopolitical flight to quality incident, the path of least resistance remains down in gold and silver. (We will see next week if the Coup/No Coup in Russia affects next week)
  • The ECB rate hike and the Fed’s prediction of 2 more minor rate hikes this year combined sent longs to the sidelines last week, those fundamentals have been countervailed by a significant range down extension in the US dollar.
  • Gold has work to do after it’s much heralded rally over $2000 has given back. It started back in the first half of March, and from a technical viewpoint this puts it in a consolidating or bearish posture. The banking crisis has eased, but it has not gone away entirely, and the pressure to raise rates seems to be softening, despite concerns expressed by Fed members that inflation is still too strong.
  • Around the top of gold this year gold ETF holdings increased 363,091 ounces, bringing them 0.5% higher on the year. This was their biggest one-day increase since April 2022 and their fifth straight day of growth.
  • Gold surged to $2,072.19 early in May, just shy of its record high of $2,072.49, following the Fed’s hint that its hiking cycle may be ending.
  • World Gold Council predictions of softening Indian gold demand in both the June and September quarters. Additional bearish news from the WGC that Indian first quarter gold demand declined by 17% and India scrap gold inventories jumped by 25% in the first quarter.
  • World Gold Council also indicated that global gold demand fell in the first quarter of 2023 despite strong ongoing central bank demand. First quarter gold demand fell by 13% compared to year ago levels and that contraction would have been very severe if central bank purchases of 228 tons were not registered.
  • “Violet Zhu, a Shanghai-based electronic components exporter, has been attending jewellery auctions and chatting on social media forums on the subject this year, looking to invest in rubies and diamonds. ‘I don’t have the brain for stock investments, and I am waiting to redeem mutual fund products once they break even. But in the meantime, I have been continuously buying gems,’ says Zhu. Zhu says she is searching for oddly-shaped rubies of higher grades… She is not alone. Jewellery and precious metals consumption in China soared 37.4% in March from a year earlier underpinning a 13.6% jump for the quarter…” April 18 – Reuters (Winni Zhou and Tom Westbrook)
  • Gold caught the bid with safe haven flows.
  • The bull case in gold fundamental headwinds of rising rates, periodic fears of global slowing.
  • Goldman earlier in March labeled gold as “the” investment hedge of preference and predicting gold to trade to $2050.
  • Gold and silver will continue to see money flows from residual global bank contagion fears but a significant slide in implied US treasury yields this week adds a secondary supportive force for the bull camp.
  • Gold is highly sensitive to the rates outlook as higher interest rates raise the opportunity cost of holding non-yielding bullion and vice versa.

“Traders quip that one of the few things to rally during bear periods is volatility. Add gold to the list. Its price has leapt about 7% so far in March to one-year highs of just under $2,000 per ounce. With investors dumping stocks and corporate bonds, money has flowed into both government bonds and gold. Interest in the yellow metal seems odd, given that price inflation in the US and elsewhere may well have peaked. And gold offers no income to investors… So what explains the renewal of interest? Well, gold does offer a safe haven, particularly for retail investors worried that their money may not be safe in a bank.””

March 24 – Financial Times


Gold Weekly

Gold futures successfully back tested the median after another rejection at the Tenkan (orange) moved towards the flat cloud and twist. Needs to get impulse off this ABC so double bottom gains more weight and it follows silver break higher. The yellow metal is consolidating after it accelerated after breaking the weekly triangle higher. Gold has bounced after support at its uptrend line since the August 2021 bottom and Kijun. To be bullish we need to stay above the triangle. Murrey Math resistance, watch Fibs & Chikou.

PBOC Buying Gold

  • China added to its gold reserves for an eighth consecutive month. People’s Bank of China holdings of bullion rose by 680,000 troy ounces last month, according to official data released Friday. That’s equivalent to 23 tons.
  • Total stockpiles now sit at 2,330 tons, with around 183 tons added in the run of buying from November. China has been an enthusiastic buyer of gold, partly due to its desire to chip away at the dominance of the dollar in global market.
  • China added to its gold reserves for a sixth straight month, China raised its gold holdings by about 8.09 tons in April, according to data from the State Administration of Foreign Exchange on Sunday. Total stockpiles now sit at about 2,076 tons, after the nation increased reserves by about 120 tons in the five months through March.
  • China’s end-April foreign currency reserves rose to $3.2048 trillion, up by $20.9 billion from the month before, the data showed. Rise in the foreign-exchange reserves was a result of US dollar depreciation and rise in global financial asset prices, the foreign-exchange regulator said in a statement.
  • The People’s Bank of China raised its holdings by about 18 tons in March. Total stockpiles now sit at about 2,068 tons, after growing by about 102 tons in the four months before March. Nations have been building up stockpiles of bullion amid heightened geopolitical risks and high inflation. – Bloomberg April 7
  • PBOC in December added to its gold reserves for a second straight month, adding 30 tonnes of gold worth. Brings China’s holdings to a total of 2,010 tons.
  • PBOC in November added 32 tonnes of gold worth around $1.8 billion to its reserves, the first time it has disclosed an increase since September 2019.
  • China has the world’s sixth-largest official national gold reserves after countries including Russia, Germany and the United States, which is the biggest with 8,133.5 tonnes
  • The World Gold Council (WGC) said in October that central banks globally bought 399 tonnes of gold in the third quarter of 2022, by far the most ever in a single three-month period.
Gold in Perspective



  • Silver futures for September delivery SIU23 settled $24.50 per ounce, posting a weekly decline of 1.5%.
  • Silver ETF holdings continues to see outflows with single day outflows of 0.1% Thursday bringing the year-to-date decline to 0.6%.
  • Without a major surprise geopolitical flight to quality incident, the path of least resistance remains down in gold and silver.
  • Unfortunately for the bull camp, consistent gains in gold and silver only look to be the result of a single bullish theme (dollar weakness) and therefore gains could be hard-fought.
  • Both gold and silver are facing demand headwinds from signs Investors continue to step away from gold and silver.
  • Silver is in a much stronger technical condition than gold. Silver bounced harder than gold recently, understandable given it experienced a much more dramatic selloff than gold with a downside breakout to its lowest level since April 4.
  • Signs of low supply had supported prices, as New York’s COMEX inventories fell 70% in the last 18 months to just over 1 million tonnes. London Bullion Market Association stockpiles fell for the 10th straight month to a record-low 27.1 thousand tonnes in November.


Silver Weekly Outlook

Silver bounced off the bottom trend line and was energizes in the sphere of influence. Back over 50wma after spitting tenkan, now providing support after reversed. Closing under outer channel which is now resistance. Major support is 50wma and tenkan.

Industrial Metals

“McKinsey & Co. joined the growing chorus warning that metals considered key to the clean-energy transition face shortages in coming years, potentially suppressing the adoption of electric cars, wind turbines and solar panels. These deficits likely will slow global decarbonization efforts by raising supply-chain costs and, consequently, the prices of lower-carbon products, McKinsey said…”

July 5 – Bloomberg (Lars Mucklejohnrons)

The London Metal Exchange at the end of 2022 showed the smallest available warehouse stockpiles in at least 25 years. Available inventories of aluminum fell 72% decline, zinc shrank by 90%.

“After a substantial stretch when battery makers were desperate for mineral supplies, the shoe is suddenly on the other foot. In the past few months, previously red hot cobalt and lithium prices have cooled dramatically. The chill is coming from both sides: supply and demand. Supply bottlenecks are easing while China’s demand for electric vehicles, and global demand for many consumer electronics, have ebbed as well. Cobalt has fallen out of favor the most: prices in February were down 61% from January last year… Lithium carbonate prices rose rapidly for most of last year, but the metal has seen a sharp correction of 21% since November. China’s EV subsidy cut in December is a big factor…”

February 28 – Wall Street Journal (Megha Mandavia)



  • Alcoa to release its second-quarter earnings as global aluminum prices continue a pullback. The largest US producer has seen shares drop 24% this year amid weak fundamentals.
  • Aluminum consumption lagged due to sluggish recovery from China, the world’s biggest metals user.
  • Investors will be focused on Alcoa’s latest forecast on aluminum shipments, as well as any commentary Chief Executive Officer Roy Harvey may have regarding a buildup of worldwide metal stockpiles coming from Russia. Harvey in April warned that Russian-origin metal threatened to distort the global benchmark price as more customers refuse to take delivery of it in the wake of the nation’s ongoing conflict with Ukraine.
  • The aluminium ingot social inventories across China’s eight major markets stood at 595,000 mt as of June 1, down 62,000 mt from a week ago and 287,000 mt from a year ago. The destocking was led by south China, where cargo arrivals continued to decline and consumption picked up a little. Arrivals in Wuxi fell as much as 20-30%, driving down local stocks rapidly. Limited arrivals and improved consumption allowed stocks in Gongyi to fall after building up in the previous week.
  • China’s annual aluminum production in 2022 increased by 4.5% from a year earlier to a record high of 40.21 million tonnes thanks to newly launched capacity and softened power supply constraints. 
  • On the supply side, last year’s output cuts at key European smelters, including Alcoa’s San Ciprian smelter and Hydro’s plant in Slovakia, lent further optimism to bulls.
  • Aluminum hit an all-time high of around 4,100 USD/T in March 2022 in the aftermath of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Aluminum is down roughly 40% from that record high in March amid persistent fears of a demand-sapping global recession triggered by an aggressive tightening campaign from major central banks.
  • In 2022 Aluminum and zinc on the LME had their worst year since 2018, with prices down 15% and 16%, respectively.
  • Tin was the worst performer, falling by more than a third and registered the biggest annual decline since at least 1990.
  • The world’s top aluminium producer, China’s primary aluminium production in November climbed 9.4% from a year earlier with 3.41 million tonnes as looser power restrictions allowed some regions to ramp up output and as new smelters started operation.
  • China is the biggest producer, accounting for 60% of production, followed by Russia and then Europe and the U.S.
  • On the supply side, LME has decided against banning Russian metal from trading and storing in its warehouses because many traders are still planning to buy the metal in 2023.
  • The car industry is the world’s largest aluminum consumer, with nearly 67 million vehicles per year, according to SkyQuest.

Technical (Alcoa)

We analyze Alcoa as a surrogate to Aluminum given its high beta relationship and more liquid aspect as an investment vehicle. $AA retested the 50Wma and 50% confluence after earnings. From there the Chikou rebalanced it closed under the tenkan. We have support below at 0/8 sphere of influence under the tenkan confluence.



“Tin jumped the most in nine months after a key mining region in Myanmar, the world’s third-biggest supplier, moved to curtail digging of the material used in electronics and cans. An economic planning committee in a northern area of the country controlled by the United Wa State Army — Myanmar’s largest ethnic armed organization — ordered a general halt to mining operations…”

April 17 – Bloomberg:

Agricultural Commodities

COT June 27 on softs: A week of heavy spec selling sees the #coffee net return to neutral, cotton short jump 186% to 16k, and sugar long cut by 22% to 177k.

Orange Juice

  • Orange juice futures prices exploded higher last week, rising 13.73%
  • The move is in line with FLOJ being the third best performing commodity in the first half of the year, up nearly 25% first half of the year, they were up 30.8% in the first quarter.
  • The reason is supply, the U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates Florida production will fall to only 15.65 million boxes of oranges this season.
  • In the 2021-2022 season Florida growers produced 41.2 million boxes. For perspective twenty years ago, the average output for the state was around 200 million boxes.
  • The region was hit back-to-back hurricanes Ian and Nicole last fall and a citrus greening disease. A hard freeze in January only exacerbated the issue.

Some background:


“From China to the U.S. to the European Union, rice production is falling and driving up prices for more than 3.5 billion people across the globe, particularly in Asia-Pacific – which consumes 90% of the world’s rice. The global rice market is set to log its largest shortfall in two decades in 2023, according to Fitch Solutions. And a deficit of this magnitude for one of the world’s most cultivated grains will hurt major importers, analysts told CNBC. ‘At the global level, the most evident impact of the global rice deficit has been, and still is, decade-high rice prices,’ Fitch Solutions’… Charles Hart said.”

April 18 – CNBC (Lee Ying Shan)


Lumber prices are a leading indicator for the strength of the home building industry. They were a leading indicator of the supply-chain problems and inflation that followed pandemic lockdowns.


  • Lumber futures dipped below $550 per thousand feet, as investors took a pause after a nearly 10% rally in June that pushed prices to their highest level in five months.
  • Traders expressed concerns that prospects of interest rate hikes continued to depress real estate activity. Stubbornly high inflation and a tight labor market have raised worries that the Federal Reserve will keep rates elevated even after the recent turmoil in the banking sector.
  • Supply disruptions caused by wildfires in Canada, previous production cutbacks in British Columbia during a period of low lumber prices, and a slowdown in European wood shipments to the US are expected to provide some support to the market.
  • Fundamentals in the lumber complex had supported tight supplies and prospects of a rebound in-home construction and demand recovery.
  • The legacy benchmark fell roughly 80% since its May 2021 peak of around $1,700, when supply chain issues compounded strong demand when it went off the board at $344.
  • Worth noting that before 2018, the price never eclipsed $493.50.
  • In January 2023, nearby March random-length lumber futures were sitting at the $417.70 level, with the new physical futures at $525.00.
  • In March 2020, random-length lumber futures fell to $251.50 per 1,000 board feet as the global pandemic gripped markets across all asset classes. When commodities exploded higher over the following months lumber rose to $1,711.20 as supply chain and other issues created a shortage. In an almost perfect bullish storm for the lumber market, historically low interest rates caused a housing boom, increasing the demand for lumber when supplies were low. 
  • The Federal Reserve’s aggressive tightening cycle pushed 30-year mortgage rates to levels not seen since 2001, leading to slower home construction and souring sentiment among homebuilders.
  • The war in Ukraine and the tightening sanctions against Russia and its ally Belarus, which account for more than 10% of the global export of lumber, had squeezed global supplies.
Lumber Cash Prices

The CME replaced the random length with the physical futures, but they have yet to achieve the critical mass necessary for success. On the final day the old futures contract— ticker LB—traded 12 times adding $5 per thousand board feet to end, forever, at $344, about 80% lower than the peak price notched in 2021. The outgoing futures, which represent a railcar full of two-by-fours delivered to the British Columbia interior, are being replaced by a contract—ticker LBR— that sends a truck’s worth of wood to Chicago. The plan is intended to boost trading from untradeable thin and reduce wild price swings and improve the contract as the barometer of wood prices and building activity.

The existing legacy contract is freight on board (FOB) originating in Prince George, BC. It’s a reflection of the mill price of western spruce pine fir lumber, which legacy 110,000 board feet futures contract is derived from. The new mini lumber is FOB Chicago, so the premium of $105 represents the additional from delivering to the mill in Chicago. That’s the reason the premium in the mini. Secondly, the new contract has the ability for producers to deliver western SPF, eastern SPF, domestic and Canadian Doug Fir, and U.S. Hem Fir. Depending on the species and delivering mill, the FOB is anywhere from $80 to $105 premium to the legacy contract delivered to Chicago. Lastly, the new contract is sunset out of existence with the official and permanent expiration on May 15, 2023. – Greg Kuta, the President of Westline Capital Strategies,


U.S. Department of Agriculture on Thursday reported export data for July 13. U.S. exporters had sold 4.5 million tonnes of corn and 4.9 million tonnes of soybeans for delivery in 2023-24. Those are both the lowest for the date since 2019, ahead of 2019-20.

That covers only 8% of USDA’s 2023-24 U.S. corn export forecast of 53.3 million tonnes (2.1 billion bushels), below the five-year average of 13%. That average is skewed upward by the latest three years when China was heavily buying and includes 25% coverage by this date in 2021. via Reuters

COT on Grains in week to June 20: Spec buying accelerated at the fastest pace since Sept 2020 in a scramble to rebuild longs amid surging markets. The net long (6 contracts) jumped 141k to 151k, still 72% below the recent peak from Feb. Led by corn (56k to 58k) and wheat (+29 to -84k) via Ole S Hansen @Ole_S_Hansen

For the first quarter of the year, CBOT wheat fell 12.8%, with corn down 2.9% and soybeans down 1.4%.

The USDA on Friday June 20 delivered a massive, planted acreage surprise which saw corn plunge by 6.4% below $5/bu while soybeans jumped 6.1% to $13.43. Against estimates, the gov report raised US acreage by 2.22m acres to 94.096 while soybeans were cut by 4.18m to 83.505.

This historically large acreage misses by analysts’ saw the Soy (Nov)/Corn (Dec) ratio spike higher and it concluded a crazy rollercoaster month in the grains market which left soy and wheat up by 17.2% and 6.8%, and corn down 5.2% (Chart: Bloomberg)
U.S. corn conditions rose 1 pt (good/excellent) as expected, though soybeans and spring wheat declined. Winter wheat harvest is still slower than expectations at 37% complete as of Sunday.



  • Friday prices were $.06 – $.10 lower across all 3 classes. The Dec-23 contracts for all 3 slipped to new lows for the week before recovering.
  • SovEcon raised their Russian production forecast .3 mmt to 87.1 mmt, vs. the USDA forecast of 85 mmt.
  • The Ukrainian Ag. Ministry est. grain harvest has reached 11 mmt, of which 8 mmt has been wheat.
  • Russia has declared buyers of Russian grain will need to pay in rouble’s instead of US$.
  • Russia’s Ag. Ministry also claims their wheat exports to African nations in the first half of 2023 has tripled to 9 mmt. Russian Pres. Putin continues to pledge support by providing free grain to several African nations.
  • There is also chatter that India may have purchased 1 – 1.5 mmt of Russian wheat. Potentially significant development as India was expected to be a modest wheat exporter.
  • HRW wheat harvest is hitting the final stretch while conditions in the Northern plains continue to deteriorate.
  • Russian attacks on Ukrainian port infrastructure have been happening after damaging grain terminals in Odesa last Friday. Russia and Ukraine are both among the world’s top wheat exporters.
  • French farm office FranceAgriMer reported that 58% of the country’s soft wheat crop has been harvested as of July 17, up from 33% a week earlier. That’s well behind 2022’s pace of 79%.
  • Taiwan issued an international tender to purchase nearly 4.0 million bushels of grade 1 milling wheat from the United States that closes on July 27. The grain is for shipment starting in early September.
  • Tunisia, which is already a major wheat importer, agriculture ministry said its grain harvest is down 60% this season. The North African nation primarily produces durum wheat but has faced severe hot, dry conditions earlier this year.
  • This month’s USDA Stocks and Acreage report was a shocker with huge acreage changes in corn and beans and a more minor increase in acres for all wheat, up over 900,000 from the March Intentions report. Most of the increase was in Spring wheat, which was up 500,000 from March Intentions and will put some pressure on Minn compared to KC and Chicago, especially if spring conditions improve a few percent this afternoon as expected.



Wheat spat the 50wma hard and has followed up with a dead cat bounce that failed at the Tenkan. Rsistance at the tenkan and Kijun with the 50 and 61.8% Fibs above. It had been drawn higher by the flat weekly cloud which unraveled the shorts which when done we sailed back through -1/8 like butter. The contract keeps failing to stabilize after it continued its sharp impulsive collapse. This came about after a failure at retesting the 8/8 move and high after it spat 8/8, and the minimum target. It had completed a measured 4/8 correction off highs then broke key support at 38% then 50% and 50wma confluence in the freefall.


U.S. Department of Agriculture on Thursday reported export data for July 13. U.S. exporters had sold 4.5 million tonnes of corn for delivery in 2023-24. The lowest for the date since 2019, ahead of 2019-20.

That covers only 8% of USDA’s 2023-24 U.S. corn export forecast of 53.3 million tonnes (2.1 billion bushels), below the five-year average of 13%. That average is skewed upward by the latest three years when China was heavily buying and includes 25% coverage by this date in 2021. via Reuters


  • Friday corn prices were down $.11 – $.12 with Dec-23 closing below several key technical levels.
  • The BAGE reports corn harvest has reached 68% while leaving their production forecast unchanged at 34 mmt, same at the USDA.
  • The preferential currency program in Argentina has stimulated sales of 1.2 mmt since it began on Monday. The goal is to reach 4 – 5 mmt of sales thru the program that runs thru the end of Aug.
  • The old crop USDA export forecast is probably still at least 25 – 50 mil. bu. too high.
  • Lower supplies and/or higher costs for getting Ukrainian crops into the global supply chain has not stimulated US demand with the huge Brazilian crop putting a lid on US rally attempts.
  • USDA has a record U.S. corn crop forecast for this year set to increase overall U.S. corn supplies by 11%, the biggest annual increase in a decade, allowing for healthy but not excessive growth in exports on the balance sheet.
  • Mexico is the top U.S. corn buyer and is No. 2 in soybeans, but top soy customer China has been dragging its feet as Brazil’s record soy harvest continues arriving at Chinese ports.
  • “China’s recent lack of participation in U.S. corn trade is stark but unsurprising given China entered Brazil’s corn market late last year. China has 272,000 tonnes of new-crop U.S. corn booked for 2023-24 compared with nearly 3 million tonnes on the same dates in 2020 and 2022 and 10.7 million in 2021.” Reuters
  • No. 3 U.S. corn buyer Japan has purchased 746,000 tonnes of new-crop corn, near the recent average for the date, though standard customers Colombia and South Korea have nothing.
  • Canada has bought nearly 300,000 tonnes of new-crop U.S. corn so far, a record for mid-July.


Corn Futures Outlook

Corn flew right to the 50wma with all that energy built from the double bottom and penetration of the tenkan and Kijun. From there we saw an almighty spit as it was thwarted under the 7/8 fail under the weekly cloud. Spot corn has closed a gap on the weekly chart. Next support is its 3/8 around $4.80. Dec-23 blew through the previous bottom near $5.85, the midpoint between last summer’s contract high and the May low.

Earlier in the year Corn had topped out at the highest since 2012 in Chicago at +1/8 and corrected with impulse back to break the Tenkan which it swiftly did a spit of a spit after bouncing off 720, which also the price successfully retested the high from April 2021.


U.S. Department of Agriculture on Thursday reported export data for July 13. U.S. exporters had sold 4.9 million tonnes of soybeans for delivery in 2023-24. The lowest for the date since 2019, ahead of 2019-20.

New-crop soybean sales account for 10% of USDA’s 2023-24 export target of 50.35 million tonnes (1.85 billion bushels). The five-year average is 16% and is skewed by last year’s 24% as buyers scrambled to secure U.S. supply amid historic drought-related losses in Brazil. via Reuters


  • On Friday the soybean complex was mostly lower with beans $.15 – $.45 lower, meal down $9 – $10, while oil was down $.01 in spot Aug-23 while back months were 15 – 35 higher.
  • The Aug/Nov spread closed at $1.04 down $.30 for the day and down $.55 from midday yesterday.
  • The market saw farmer selling of old crop inventories to take advantage of the price inverse, end users backing off with bids, or just simply liquidation of Aug-23 positions ahead of FND.
  • For the week spot board crush margins were up $.22 to $2.58 bu. with meal gaining 1.3% of PV to 57.4%.
  • The USDA announced the sales of just over 900k tons (33 mil. bu.) of new crop soybeans, taking the weekly total to 61 mil. bu.
  • Friday’s sales were 15 mil. – unknown, 12 mil. – China, and 6 mil. to Mexico.
  • Safras & Mercado forecast next year’s Brazilian soybean crop at 171.5 mmt, well above the USDA forecast of 163 mmt.
  • Last week’s new-crop corn and soy commitments were heavily driven by sales to Mexico, new soy sales to Mexico of 884,000 tonnes is the date’s second-biggest total after 2018.
  • Mexico is the No. 2 U.S. soybeans buyer, but top soy customer China has been dragging its feet as Brazil’s record soy harvest continues arriving at Chinese ports.
  • China had purchased 1.87 million tonnes of new-crop U.S. soybeans, the lowest mid-July, non-trade-war-year volume in at least 16 years. Soy sales to unknown destinations, often presumed to be China, are also well below average at 1.6 million tonnes, similar to the same date in 2017.
  • Brazilian Pres. Lula met with Chinese leader Xi in Beijing last month. In a joint statement the 2 countries acknowledge that cooperation in agricultural trade is strategically significant. Both sides pledged to promote agriculture, trade, and supply chain resiliency while also working to strengthen environmental protections to deal with climate change.


Soybeans Weekly Outlook

Beans have rallied hard off the spit of that channel as marked. July-23 soybeans surged thru its 100 day MA, trading up to a 2-month high. It spat $14.71, the 100-week MA. Spot soybeans have surged nearly $2 off last month’s low. Energy has been built after soybeans rejected new lows at the bottom of trendline finally got the legs to break above the 50wma, however that has all unraveled and clearly after the fall got the market short on exhaustive selling and here, we are back under said 50wma. The weekly cloud and Murray mingle around the $14.9/bushel benchmark.

Recall beans broke down from the bull pennant framed by +4/8 and +1/8 with the Kijun unable to sustain support right at the breakout. Support at the 50wma gave way to under the futures pivot at $15/bushel benchmarks and at the close of the week was a magnet to the recovery bounce. Pressure came from futures spitting the Weekly +4/8 over $17.50/bushel three times. The market needs to rebalance that energy.


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Another positive sign for the market was the Exxon Mobil (XOM) $4.9 billion all stock deal to buy pipeline operator Denbury. One, it involved no debt and two and involved an oil major taking a lead in energy transition which satisfied wider segments of the political spectrum and market.

Crude oil futures continued their move higher at week’s end after it bounced off its 50-day moving average (71.29) last week towards resistance from near its 200-day moving average (77.18). WTI futures settled $77.07 up $1.42 or 1.88% on their high Range, up 2.20% for week, after rising 2.1% the week prior.

WTI Weekly KnovaWave Shape
US Natural Gas KnovaWave Weekly Grid

COT in Oil Complex week to June 27: A +4% drop in crude oil triggered a 66k lots reduction in the WTI and Brent long to 231k, just 48k above the March 2020 Covid slump. Nearly 2/3 of the change was driven by fresh short selling, especially in WTI where the net slumped to near a 13-year low at 71.5k via Ole S Hansen @Ole_S_Hansen

BDI Freight Index

Baltic Dry Index Weekly

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Focus on yourself and what YOU CAN INFLUENCE, set your trading plan and goals in be set for 2023.

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