Around The Barrel – Crude Oil Cracks Spreads Widen with Large Gasoline and Distillate Draws

US crude oil inventories rose again, +1.117Mbbls EIA reported last week. Over 11 weeks US crude stockpiles had risen by 59,878Mbbls. The standout from the EIA was large product draws. Gasoline drew -6.399Mbbls and Distillate drew-3.313Mbbls. Production adjusted up to 12.3Mbbls b/d while product exports reached a new high. WTI bounced 4% this week recovering last week’s loss coming into the storage report after being down almost 12% for the month after breaking key range and technical levels.

Headwinds include continuing uncertainty with three major bank failures in the US and Credit Suisse falling. Concerns grow that more aggressive tightening from the Federal Reserve would dent economic growth and curb demand.

Oil Outlook Messy

The energy complex fell across the board last week. WTI futures fell -3.77% on the week, Brent fell -3.81%, gasoline fell –4.00% and heating oil fell –4.81%.

The Russia, India and China mix

Russia said they would cut production by 500kbbls in March just as Russia launched its heaviest bombardment on southern Ukraine since the start of the war, as officials warned Moscow’s major offensive had ‘definitely’ started. There is a clear use of oil as a weapon by Putin. India and China being Russia’s main customers are not filling the demand void. Not hard to join the dots.

EU’s sanctions on Russian refined products were implemented Feb. 5. The ban follows a similar price cap on crude shipments introduced last year. European countries have pushed to lower the crude price cap ($60) on Moscow even further, but the Biden administration said it was inclined to oppose the move. 

Futures have been ignoring large US builds and have chosen hope with China opening up rather than negative morose from China’s economic implosion and the Central Bank maelstrom. Europe has been addressing energy dependance on Russia since the Ukraine invasion. President Vladimir Putin said Russia would immediately stop oil supply to countries that support the G7 members price cap on exports of Russian oil.

Since the cap, if not before Russian exports have been redirected to India and China in particular. Russian crude exports into India rose by 260kbd m/m in December to a record 1.2mbd. January exports are on-track to nearly 1.3mbd of Russian crude. Russian Exports to China were 70kbd in December, down nearly 27%m/m. We have seen Malaysia increase exports well beyond its own output to China. In turn China has exported products such as distillates back to Europe.

Around The Barrel Contents

Click on the links below to navigate to the relevant section.

  1. DOE & API Petroleum Storage Forecast Matrix
  2. Crude Oil Quick Summary
  3. Weekly DoE US Petroleum Storage Report Breakdown
  4. API Crude Inventories
  5. Cushing Oil Stocks
  6. Crude Imports
  7. Crude Exports
  8. Gasoline
  9. Rig Watch
  10. Crude Oil Production
  11. Weather
  12. WTI Crude Oil Futures Technical Analysis
  13. DCOT Report
  14. Option Volatility and Gamma
  15. Key EIA and CME Dates

The risks of global recession threaten the demand picture and with higher rates push the likelihood of a meaningful recession higher. In 2023 the market has in the background the obtuse geopolitical framework framed by Russia’s Ukraine invasion, Germany’s inept energy policy, and Iran and China pursuing aggressive directions.

The soaring US dollar had a significant impact on commodity futures which has since reversed with the USD back at 7-month lows. Through it all demand and supply issues are the underlying guide.

The Week Ahead

DOE Weekly Petroleum Status Report Forecast

  • via
  • Report Date 3/15/23
  • Release Time: Wednesday, March 22, 2023, at 10:30 A.M. (ET)


  • Crude EIA +1.117M Exp +0.400M Prior +1.550M API +3.262M
  • Cushing EIA -1.063M Exp -0.473M Prior -1.916M API -0.760M
  • Gasoline EIA -6.399M Exp +0.700M Prior -2.061M API -1.09M
  • Distillate EIA -3.313M Exp -0.500M Prior -2.537M API -1.84M
  • Refinery Utilization +0.40% to 88.6% Exp +0.3%
  • Production +100kbbls to 12,300kbpd (13.10 ATH)
  • SPR release No Change (Lowest Since 1983)
  • NB: Crude oil supply adjustment rose 2.614mbpd w/w to 2.230mbpd – EIA
  • US petroleum inventories (crude, SPR, refined products) rose by 913kbpd w/w to 20.026mbpd last week

Note in bbls *exp = Reuters poll estimates adjusted for API shift, except Cushing

Stocks have been building rather stoically in 2023, specifically at the Cushing WTI futures Hub.

Energy Price Matrix

Energy Market Performance

With prices and volumes falling CME Group, the largest U.S. derivatives exchange operator, said it will reduce its maintenance margin requirement by about 9% for NYMEX West Texas Intermediate crude futures deliveries between April and June after the close of business Friday.

Update: PADD 3 Refinery Utilization

US Crude Oil Quick Look

Oil prices continue to be subject to geopolitical bifurcation dynamics with sudden changes that accompanies the onset of chaos. The unexpected knock-ons continue with imperfect bifurcation with political influence and personal vagaries from world leaders such as Putin, Scholz and Biden in addition to routine crude dynamics.

via Ole S Hansen @Ole_S_Hansen

Final 2022 Inventory

  • Commercial crude oil inventories were up ~2.8m bbls
  • SPR inventories were down ~ 221.3m bbls
  • Gasoline inventories were down ~10.1m bbls
  • Distillates were down ~6.5m bbls
  • Jet Fuel inventories were down ~0.9m bbls
  • Propane was up ~14.5m bbls

Weekly DoE US Petroleum Storage Report Breakdown

Weekly Storage via DOE

with RonH Data ‏@Ronh and The Fundamental Angle ‏@BrynneKKelly

  Via RonH at Ron H Public Tableau Link

The Fundamental Angle with Brynne Kelly ‏@BrynneKKelly


API Crude Oil Inventories

US petroleum (Crude, SPR, oil products) inventories in million barrels (EIA)

US petroleum inventories (crude, SPR, refined products) fell by 10.435mb w/w to 1,619.566mb last week

US total crude oil inventories (both commercial and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve) have fallen to a 36-year low, dropping below the previous bottom set in 2001 via Bloomberg

US SPR crude inventories unchanged w/w at 371.6mb Jan 13, 2023. Sour unchanged w/w at 203.0mb Sweet unchanged w/w at 168.6mb

Cushing Oil Stocks

Cushing, OK is the hub for the most heavily traded US oil Futures contract – West Intermediate Crude – WTI so for that reason we pay special attention to the storage there.

Cushing Storage Tanks
Cushing Storage Tanks

API Cushing Stocks

API Cushing

Weekly Update via RonH Data ‏@Ronh999

Cushing OK Crude Oil Storage Stocks

Closer Look at Cushing with DigStic Data @DigStic

US Oil Import Export



US crude imports by origin in kbpd (incl w/w change)

  • Canada -131 to 3240
  • Mexico +485 to 1118
  • Saudi Arabia +98 to 483
  • Colombia -50 to 244
  • Iraq -202 to 144
  • Ecuador -46 to 0
  • Nigeria -41 to 129
  • Brazil -109 to 69
The US was a net-petroleum exporter in October – export of crude and refined products exceeded imports by record 1.629mbpd – EIA


Product exports reached a new high.
US exports of crude and refined products in mbpd (EIA) – Record High ~11.776 million b/d.
US crude exports rose to record 4.146mbpd in October – EIA

Top buyers of US crude in October in kbpd (total exports 4.146mbpd)

  • India 509
  • South Korea 430
  • UK 401
  • Netherland 413
  • Canada 383
  • Singapore 346
  • China 332
  • Italy 187
  • Germany 164
  • Taiwan 135
  • Spain 117

US Gasoline Consumers

Input to Refineries


US consumers bought 376.3 million gallons of gasoline per day last week. That is +13.6 mil YoY


US consumers spent $1,287.8 million dollars per day for gasoline last week. That is $-249.9 mil YoY..


S avg retail price for gasoline was $3.422 last week. That is -0.817 YoY.


Rig Watch

Baker Hughes Weekly North American Rigs Report

  • US Baker Hughes Rig Count 17-Mar: 754 (prev 746)
  • Rotary Gas Rigs: 162 (prev 153)
  • Rotary Oil Rigs: 589 (est 588; prev 590)

US Oil Rigs w/w changes by key shale basins

  • Permian -6 to 339
  • Eagle Ford unchanged at 68
  • Williston unchanged at 42
  • Cana Woodford unchanged at 31
  • DJ Niobrara +1 to 16
via @staunovo

US oil rigs and frac spread (Baker Hughes/Primary Vision)

US oil rigs and frac spread (Baker Hughes/Primary Vision)

Canada Rigs

  • Canada Rotary Drilling Rigs 24 March 10, 2023
  • Canada averaged 248 active drilling rigs this week according to data from the Canadian Association of Energy Contractors. Of those rigs, 30% are drilling for natural gas, 49% are drilling for oil, 7% for other (helium, hydrogen, geothermal, lithium, or potash), and 14% are moving.
  • Drilling activity by province is 75% in Alberta, 14% in Saskatchewan, 9% in BC, and 2% in Manitoba.
  • Precision Drilling holds the majority of the Canadian market share with 30%, Ensign Drilling with 21%, Savanna Drilling with 12%, Horizon Drilling with 7%, Stampede Drilling with 5%, and Akita Drilling with 5%.29dk2902l
  • BOE Report

International oil rigs ex North America

International oil rigs ex North America +7 m/m to 703 in February via Baker Hughes

  • Kuwait +8
  • Iraq +5
  • Colombia +3
  • Ecuador +3
  • Argentina +2
  • Oman -2
  • Vietnam -2
  • Brazil -2
  • Mexico -3
  • Saudi Arabia -5
  • Turkey -6

US Oil Production

US crude production changed benchmark March 15, 2023:

US Oil Field Production +100kbpd to 12.30mbpd (New Benchmark adj)


“North Dakota’s Bakken shale field — once the largest and busiest American shale patch — is showing signs of age, threatening to hold back US oil production as the world thirsts for more crude. Mature wells that are producing more gas than expected are hurting crude output from the Bakken, the Energy Information Administration said… The deteriorating performance was a main reason the agency cut its estimate for 2024 US oil output to 12.65 million barrels a day from an earlier projection of 12.8 million… Even at the lowered estimate for next year, US output would still set a record, surpassing the 12.3 million barrels a day produced in 2019.”

February 7 – Bloomberg (Sheela Tobben)
EIA reported that US crude oil production fell 276Kbpd In December to 12.101Mbpd.

OPEC Crude Oil Production

OPEC’s crudeoil output rose 120k b/d last month: 40kbd drops in Angola and Iran being more than offset by increases from Nigeria (+80kbp), Libya (40kbp), UAE (40kbp) and Venezuela (30kbp). Minor if any adjustments seen by the others, incl. KSA via @Ole_S_Hansen – Bloomberg Survey

via Ole Hansen/Bloomberg 3/1/23

Weather Watch

Gulf of Mexico

WTI Crude Oil Futures Technical Analysis

via KnovaWave @KnovaWave

US Crude Oil (WTI)

Daily: WTI Crude Oil still chopping after completing the correction in 3 waves, C at the breakup level broke out of its daily bull flag through tenkan, kijun and 50dma right to the bottom of the cloud such was the impulse. From there it has been held back & needs to break above those descending levels for higher. We are in a completive mode for bulls with this impulse, it’s a question of degree on the topside, use the Murrey math 240/60 grid. From there down in 3 waves, completing a C or IV? Support is previous lows and the bull flag. The bear case is the high was a complete 5.

Weekly: WTI crude Oil futures spat the key 61.8% last month with impulse, having plunged more than 30% off the June highs. It has however been stuck in its sphere of influence since other than a peek this week. WTI completed 3 waves and powered through the tenkan and 50wma, however they both failed to hold the retest. Risk support is the grid. Long term 61.8% target fueled the spit of a spit by ABC bull flag after rebalanced Chikou sated. Resistance Weekly Kijun, cloud and Murrey Math levels and previous breaks (off monthly). Bear case is Wave 5 complete.

The key is crowd behavior to help tell the story which in energy is often around geopolitics. A great example of why we watch ABC corrections and from here we get the energy from the break being balanced. This move that was powered by 50 dma Tenkan spit of a spit – hence the fractal energies reverberations.

These are special times, recall “After we regained the pattern 261.8% from the extreme (-$40) move. The climax of the larger acceleration lower after broke the weekly uptrend, a fractal of the sharp and all the way to all-time lows to negative pricing we have seen mirror replications.” Above we have Murrey Math time and price

What we broke…….

Crude Oil in the past quarter built a huge bull flag. We watch if the recent break was false, or we fail. Very clear pattern.

The focus remains 85.61-88.01 a region defined by the 2013 low, the 100% extension of the March decline and the 61.8.% retracement of the November advance. A break below opens up the objective 2020 yearly open and 2018 high at 75.35-76.87. This would become an area of interest for downside exhaustion and price inflection potentially. Initial weekly the 38.2% Fibonacci retracement of the June decline at 100.21. Broader bearish invalidation now lowered to the June high-week close / 61.8% retracement at 109.16-110

Crude Oil Futures Commitment of Traders

Latest ICE and CFTC Open Interest Data:

CTFC and ICE open interest:

Money managers increased their net-length in Brent crude oil futures and options by 12,291 contracts to 298,291 in the week ending March 7 via ICE

  • Long-only positions rose by 12482
  • Short-only positions rose by 191
  • other reportables net-length rose by 5,796

Money managers reduced their net-length in WTI crude oil futures and options by 26,959 contracts to 164,292 in the week ending February 21 via CFTC

  • Long-only positions fell by 16,856
  • Short-only positions rose by 10,103
  • other reportables net-length rose by 18,334
Jan 24 2023

Chart: Crude net-positioning of non-commercial accounts (=managed money and other reportables) in barrels and in US dollars (Brent and WTI futures and options combined) latest value is Jan 24, 2023

COT on Commodities

Specs raised bullish Brent crude oil bets to near a 15-mth high at 286k lots in the wk to Feb 28. The cost of holding a short (backwardation) supported a cont. collapse in the gross short to a 12-yr low at 22k. The long/short ratio at 14.1 was the highest since May 2019 via Ole S Hansen @Ole_S_Hansen


via Ole S Hansen @Ole_S_Hansen


Understanding DCOT Reports

Read Understanding Commitments of Traders Reports – COT, TFF and DCOT  to help understand the disaggregated reports (DCOT) and how they break down the reportable open interest positions into four classifications:

1. Producer/Merchant/Processor/User 2. Swap Dealers 3. Managed Money 4. Other Reportables

Crude Oil Option Volatility Watch



NYMEX LO = Crude Oil Options First 3 Months (Live Link)


NYMEX LO & ICE North Sea Brent BRN Crude Oil Options (Live Link)



NYMEX LO NYMEX OB Options (Live Link)


Energy Earnings Highlights for Q3 2022

Energy earning season saw increased production and earnings with improved North American and international markets for drilling, completion, and production. In Q3 we saw big oil reporting bumper third quarter profits as the US heads into Midterm elections.  We now have had US Majors Oil giant Exxon Mobil posted a record profit, Chevron also posted a near record profit and Refiner Phillips 66 booked $5.4 billion in gains compared with $402 million during the same period last year. European majors, Shell, Europe’s largest oil company reported profits of $9.45 billion and British oil major BP PLC reported $8.2bn in earnings.

Key EIA and CME Dates for WTI Crude Oil

Key EIA and CME Dates For WTI Crude Oil

From The TradersCommunity US Research Desk